Odisha Current Affairs - 2020

Are you preparing for OPSC Exams?
You must try GKToday’s 1100+ Quality MCQs Series for Odisha. This series has 1100+ Multiple Choice Questions divided into 33 Chapters and 20 Mixed Revision Tests with each question explained. This course is available for android devices on GKToday’s Academy Android App

Cabinet approves renaming of Jharsuguda Airport in Odisha as Veer Surendra Sai Airport, Jharsuguda

The Union Cabinet has approved renaming of Jharsuguda Airport in Odisha as “Veer Surendra Sai Airport, Jharsuguda” after Veer Surendra Sai who is well-known freedom fighter of Odisha. The renaming of airport fulfills long-pending demand of Odisha Government and reflects sentiments of local public of the respective area. It will is befitting tribute to contribution of revered personality associated with State.

The airport has been developed by Airports Authority of India (AAI) in collaboration with Odisha government at estimated cost of Rs 210 crore, with Rs 75 crore contribution from the state. It is spread across over 1,027.5 acres of land and has 2,390-metre long runway. The area of its terminal building is 4,000 square metres.

Surendra Sai

He was freedom fighter and tribal leader, born in 1809 in small town Khinda in Sambalpur (now in Odisha). He was direct descendant from Madhukar Sai and was legally entitled to be crowned as king of Sambalpur after demise of king Maharaja Sai in 1827. But he was not acceptable to British power and ignored his claim for succession.

He revolted against British raj for throne after it allow widow of Madhukar Sai Rani Mohan Kumari to succeed him and then followed by succession of Narayan Singh, a descendant of royal family but born of low caste as king of Sambalpur. The aim of Surendra Sai’s revolt was to drive the British out of Sambalpur.

His revolution against the British commenced from 1827 when he was only 18 years of age and continued till 1862 when he surrendered and even after that, until he was finally arrested in 1864 – a total period of 37 years. He had suffered imprisonment in Hazaribagh Jail for 17 years in course of his revolutionary career and after his final arrest for another term of 20 years including his detention of 19 years in remote Asirgarh hill fort till he breathed his last there.

He was not only great revolutionary throughout his life but also inspiring leader of the people. He had espoused cause of the down trodden tribal people who were being exploitated by higher castes people and who became tools in hands of the British for establishment of their political power in Sambalpur. He died in Asirgarh Jail on 23 May 1884.

India successfully conducted night trial of Agni-I ballistic missile

India has successfully carried out night user trial of Agni-I short-range nuclear-capable ballistic missile. The test flight was conducted by Indian Army’s Strategic Forces Command off Abdul Kalam Island in Bay of Bengal, off the coast of the Indian state of Odisha. The test was second known nighttime trial of Agni-I since its first such successful test in April 2014.

Agni-I missile

Agni-I is short range nuclear capable surface-to-surface ballistic missile. It is first missile of the Agni series launched in 1983. It was developed by premier missile development laboratory of DRDO in collaboration with Defence Research Development Laboratory and Research Centre Imarat and integrated by Bharat Dynamics Limited, Hyderabad.

It weighs 12 tonnes and is 15-metre-long. It is designed to carry payload of more than one tonne (both conventional and nuclear warhead). It is single stage missile powered by solid propellants. It can hit a target 700 km away. Its strike range can be extended by reducing the payload. It can be fired from road and rail mobile launchers.

It is equipped with sophisticated navigation system which ensures it reaches the target with a high degree of accuracy and precision. The missile already has been inducted into armed forces. Since its induction it has proved its excellent performance in terms of range, accuracy and lethality. It is also claimed to be a part of India’s minimum credible deterrence under No first to use policy.