Offshore Patrol Vessels Current Affairs

OPV Vikram: L&T hand overs first defence vessel built in private shipyard to Coast Guard

Larsen and Toubro (L&T) handed over offshore patrol vessel (OPV) named “Vikram” to the Indian Coast Guard. It is country’s first-ever such defence vessel to be built in a private shipyard

The vessel was indigenously developed in-house at L&T’s Kattupalli shipyard. Its entire design and construction processes have undergone dual certification from American Bureau of Shipping and Indian Registrar of Shipping.

OPV Vikram is first of seven vessels for which by Ministry of Defence had awarded Rs. 1,432-crore contract to L&T in March 2015. It will be inducted into service by April 2018 after completion of extensive trials of equipment and machineries.

Key Facts

The OPV Vikram is 97 metres long, 15 metre wide and has 2,140 tonne displacement capacity with  range of 5,000 nautical miles and can reach speed of up to 26 knots (One knot is 1.852 km/hr). It is equipped with state-of-the-art radars, navigation and communication systems capable of operating in tropical conditions. About 60% components of the ship were sourced from domestic suppliers.

The ship is fitted with one 30 mm automatic gun with Fire Control System (FCS) and two 12.7 mm gun with FCS. It has integral twin-engine helicopter and backend helipad, which enhances its operational, surveillance, search and rescue capabilities. It will be deployed for day and night surveillance patrol, search and rescue and in pollution response operations in exclusive economic zones (EEZ) of the country.


INS TARASA commissioned into Indian Navy

INS Tarasa (T94), the fourth and last ship in series of Water Jet Fast Attack Craft (WJFAC) was commissioned into Indian Navy at Naval Dockyard, Mumbai.

It is an improved variant of Car Nicobar-class high-speed offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) built indegenously by Kolkata (West Bengal) based Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Ltd (GRSE), for the Indian Navy.

INS Tarasa

INS Tarasa has been named after the picturesque island in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago in Bay of Bengal. It is powered by the latest 4,000-series MTU engines and has displacement capacity of 315 tonnes.

It is fitted with advanced machinery control system. It has been designed to attain maximum speed of 35 knots and for an endurance of nearly 2,000 nautical miles at 12-14 knots. The ship will be fitted with CRN-91 indigenous 30mm gun with optronic pedestal. The ship will also have the latest communication equipment and radars to enable effective surveillance.

INS Tarasa will be based at Mumbai under operational control of Western Naval Command. It will be used for missions like coastal and off-shore surveillance, EEZ Patrol, law enforcement. It will also conduct non-military missions such as Search and Rescue, Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief.


WJFACs are ideally suited and used for interception of fast-moving surface craft. INS Tarasa  is fourth and last of follow-on WJFAC’s indegenously built GRSE, Kolkata. The first two ships of class INS Tarmugli and INS Tihayu were commissioned in 2016 and are based at Visakhapatnam. The third ship INS Tillanchang was commissioned earlier in March 2017 at Karwar, Gujarat.