OIC Current Affairs - 2020

India invited as Guest of Honour for OIC Foreign Ministers Meet

For the first time, India would be attending the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Foreign Ministers Meet. India will attend 46th Session of the OIC’s Council of Foreign Ministers to be held in Abu Dhabi from March 1 to 2.

UAE’s Invitation for India

  • The host UAE has stated that the friendly country of India has been named as the guest of honour in view of its great global political stature as well as its time-honoured and deeply rooted cultural and historical legacy and its important Islamic component.
  • UAE’s invitation to India highlights the desire of the UAE to go beyond rapidly growing close bilateral ties and forge a true multifaceted partnership at the multilateral and international level.
  • The Invitation is seen as a milestone in the comprehensive strategic partnership with the UAE.
  • The invitation is also recognition of the presence of 185 million Muslims in India and of their contribution to its pluralistic ethos, and of India’s contribution to the Islamic world.

Why the Invitation is a significant one?

The invitation has gained immense significance because of the timing. At a time when India is cornering Pakistan on all international forums due to its alleged role in Pulwama terror attack, the invitation by the OIC which was the biggest supporter of the Pakistan and Pakistan had blocked all efforts of India to engage with OIC. This invitation is seen as a signal of changing geopolitical dynamics.

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) established in 1969 aims to provide a collective voice to the Muslim world and safeguard and protect interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony. Headquartered in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, It has permanent delegations to the United Nations and the European Union.

India has about 12% of the world’s Muslim population. But India’s entry into the organisation has been blocked by Pakistan. The policies of OIC are largely pro-Pakistan and sees Kashmir as occupied by India.

Bangladesh has proposed to make India an observer in the forum. It could not be materialised due to resistance from Pakistan. The invitation to India signals a possible change in stance towards India.

OIC expresses concern over Kashmir violence

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) has voiced its concern over alleged excesses of the Indian military and the paramilitary forces in Kashmir.

This issued had surfaced after former Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai had “appreciated” Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s statement on human rights situation in Pakistan’s Balochistan province.

Key Facts

  • OCI Secretary General of OIC Iyad Amin Madani had quoted that the organisation will continue to expose human rights excesses in the Kashmir Valley.
  • It will support to Pakistan till the issue is resolved in accordance with the United Nations resolutions and wishes of the people of Kashmir.
  • OIC’s these comments and support to Pakistan is bound to rile India as it is not for the first that the OIC has spoken about the Kashmir issue against India.

What is Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)?

  • The OIC is an international organization founded in 1969.
  • Members: It consists of 57 member states including Iran and Pakistan.
  • Administrative centre (headquarters): Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Objective: (i) Raise the collective voice of the Muslim world. (ii) Collectively work to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony.
  • OIC has permanent delegations to United Nations and the European Union.
  • Issues with India: In this organisation, India is a blocked country, though it has about 12% of the world’s Muslim population.
  • India has been blocked by Pakistan from joining the OIC over Kashmir issue. OIC regard parts of Kashmir as “occupied by India”.