Oman Current Affairs - 2020
The Global Peace Index (GPI) that measured peace in 162 countries ranked India at 141st position for year 2013. To prepare the Index, 22 qualitative and quantitative indicators of the absence and fear of violence were used.
Where did India fall short?
The main indicators that deteriorated India’s ranking are militarisation, domestic and international conflicts, and corruption.
Positive Outlook: Despite an increase in military expenditure, India made considerable gains in its level of peace after reductions in deaths from internal conflict and the level of perceived criminality in society.
Peace Outlook in South Asia:
- Bhutan (most peaceful in South Asia)
- Sri Lanka
As per GPI 2013
- World has become a less peaceful place as it witnessed a dramatic rise in the number of homicides and 59 more countries increasing their military expenditure as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product
- Underlines six-year trend showing a deterioration of 5% in global peace.
- Performance of 110 countries has deteriorated while only 48 have improved.
- This 5% loss cost to the global economy of $473 billion last year.
- 8% increase in the number of homicides attributed to Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa.
- Honduras is the country with highest rates of homicides in the world at 92 homicides per 100,000 people.
- The overall the military spending indicator in the GPI was deteriorated, primarily, on account of large number of low-middle income countries, typically authoritarian regimes like Iran, Iraq, Oman, Zimbabwe and Afghanistan, Cote d’Ivoire and Democratic Republic of the Congo having increased their expenditure to more than 7% of GDP.
- The civil war in Syria has led to the greatest score deterioration in the history of the Index.
- There are countries which have made significant gains in peace.
- Libya experienced the greatest rise in peace as its newly elected government and recovering institutions were established following the turmoil of the recent revolution and civil war. Libya is followed Sudan and Chad which experienced the second and third significant gains as their respective conflicts allayed.
- Europe is the most peaceful region comprising 13 of the top 20 twenty countries, including Iceland, which continues to rank first.
Iceland topped the rankings as the most peaceful nation.