Open Defecation Free Current Affairs - 2020

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Swachh Bharat Mission: Gram Panchayats get more funds under 15th finance commission

The GoI approved the implementation of second phase of Swachh Bharat Mission in February 2020. The Mission is to focus two crore projects during its second phase. It includes Open Defecation Free Plus and solid and liquid waste management. During this phase, the primary focus is to be provided on gram panchayats

Fund Allocation

Every Gram Panchayat under Swachh Bharat Mission receives Rs 7 to 20 lakhs. Now these funds are to be increased by 5 lakhs for managing solid and liquid waste. These additional funds are to be allocated through Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Scheme. This way, the MGNREGA work force are to be diverted towards Swachh Bharat Mission.

Swachh Bharat Mission

The second phase of Swachh Bharat Mission is to be implemented between 2020-21 and 2024-25. More than 10 crore toilets were constructed in the first phase. The Government also declared India Open Defecation Free. The second phase is being launched to sustain the status and also to remove minutest glitches left behind by the first phase. In other words, there are very few regions in India that have not become completely free of open defecation.

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Cabinet approves Phase II of Swachh Bharat Mission

On February 19, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved on implementing the phase II of Swachh Bharat Mission. The phase II of the mission will focus on Open Defecation Free Plus.

Highlights

The budget allocated for phase II of the mission is Rs 52,497 crores. The mission in this phase is to converge with Jal Jeevan Mission and MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Act).

Apart from the focus maintaining the status of Open Defecation Free, the mission also aims to provide rural employment. It is to be monitored under 4 key areas namely bio-degradable solid waste management, plastic  waste management, fecal sludge management and greywater management.

Jal Jeevan Mission

The Jal Jeevan Mission was launched in August 2019. The mission aims to provide tap water to all the households by 2024. It also focuses on desilting minor irrigation tanks and using grey water for agriculture.

Financial Assistance

An incentive of Rs 12,000 is to be provided for the construction of individual household toilet. An additional financial assistance of Rs 2 lakhs to 3 lakhs is to be provided for Gram Panchayats to construct Community managed Sanitary Complexes.

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