Open Defecation Free Current Affairs - 2019
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The National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey 2018-19 was conducted by an Independent Verification Agency under the World Bank support project to the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen).
Findings of the Survey
- 93.1 per cent of households in rural India have access to toilets during the survey period and 96.5 per cent of those who had access to toilets uses them.
- The Survey re-confirmed the open defecation free (ODF) status of 90.7 per cent villages which were declared so by various districts and states and remaining villages also had sanitation coverage of about 93 per cent.
- 95.4 per cent of the villages surveyed were found to have minimal litter and minimal stagnant water.
Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin
As per the data from the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation which is the implementing ministry of Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin, about 500 million people have stopped defecating in the open. As a result, the number of people defecating in open is down from 550 million at the beginning of the programme to less than 50 million today.
Under the Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin, 9 crore toilets have been built across rural India under the Mission. Under the Mission over 5.5 lakh villages and 615 districts have been declared ODF, along with 30 ODF States and Union Territories.
Tags: Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation • National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey • National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey 2018-19 • Open Defecation Free • Rural India • Sanitation • Swachh Bharat Mission-Grameen
The part two of Darwaza Band campaign which aims to promote the use of toilets and to sustain the open defecation free status of villages across India has been launched.
The campaign has been launched under the aegis of Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen initiative of Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
Darwaja Band literally stands for shutting the door. The campaign symbolically stands for shutting the door for open defecation. The campaign aims to encourage behaviour change in men who have toilets but are not using them and to encourage women to stand up for this issue in their villages and assume a leadership role.
The Darwaza Band campaign is designed to encourage behaviour change through television ads, radio jingles, outdoor publicity and digital campaigns. The campaign is launched in association with World Bank.
Making India open Defecation Free
The data from government suggests that over 50 crore people have stopped defecating in the open since the launch of the Swachh Bharat Mission and over 5.5 lakh villages have been declared Open Defecation Free. The national sanitation coverage is now in excess of 98 per cent as compared to 39 per cent in 2014.