Open Defecation Free Current Affairs - 2020

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Cabinet approves Phase II of Swachh Bharat Mission

On February 19, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved on implementing the phase II of Swachh Bharat Mission. The phase II of the mission will focus on Open Defecation Free Plus.

Highlights

The budget allocated for phase II of the mission is Rs 52,497 crores. The mission in this phase is to converge with Jal Jeevan Mission and MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Act).

Apart from the focus maintaining the status of Open Defecation Free, the mission also aims to provide rural employment. It is to be monitored under 4 key areas namely bio-degradable solid waste management, plastic  waste management, fecal sludge management and greywater management.

Jal Jeevan Mission

The Jal Jeevan Mission was launched in August 2019. The mission aims to provide tap water to all the households by 2024. It also focuses on desilting minor irrigation tanks and using grey water for agriculture.

Financial Assistance

An incentive of Rs 12,000 is to be provided for the construction of individual household toilet. An additional financial assistance of Rs 2 lakhs to 3 lakhs is to be provided for Gram Panchayats to construct Community managed Sanitary Complexes.

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Results of Swachh Survekshan League, 2020 released

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs on December 31, 2019, released Swachh Survekshan League in New Delhi. Around 4,372 cities participated in the league. It is a cleanliness survey that helps in competitive federalism.

Highlights

In the category of 10 lakh plus population, Indore secured first place. Indore has remained in first place for the last three years. Following Indore, Bhopal and Surat are in second and third places respectively. In the category of population between one lakh and 10 lakhs, Jamshedpur was in 1st spot following New Delhi and Khargone.

Indicators

The focus of the survey was on waste water treatment, faecal sludge management. The survey also focused on implementation of ODF+, water plus and ODF++ protocols of the ministry of housing and urban affairs.

Significance

In Competitive Federalism, the relationship between Central and state governments are vertical and between the state governments are horizontal. The ranking of the cities based on cleanliness helps in promoting competition among them. The idea was mooted during economic reforms in the country in 1990s. The states will compete with each other that will help achieve efficiency in administration also will enhance developmental activities.

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