Open Defecation Free Current Affairs - 2019
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The part two of Darwaza Band campaign which aims to promote the use of toilets and to sustain the open defecation free status of villages across India has been launched.
The campaign has been launched under the aegis of Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen initiative of Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
Darwaja Band literally stands for shutting the door. The campaign symbolically stands for shutting the door for open defecation. The campaign aims to encourage behaviour change in men who have toilets but are not using them and to encourage women to stand up for this issue in their villages and assume a leadership role.
The Darwaza Band campaign is designed to encourage behaviour change through television ads, radio jingles, outdoor publicity and digital campaigns. The campaign is launched in association with World Bank.
Making India open Defecation Free
The data from government suggests that over 50 crore people have stopped defecating in the open since the launch of the Swachh Bharat Mission and over 5.5 lakh villages have been declared Open Defecation Free. The national sanitation coverage is now in excess of 98 per cent as compared to 39 per cent in 2014.
Arunachal Pradesh was officially declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) state. It is second State from Northeast, after Sikkim and overall fifth state after Himachal Pradesh, Kerala and Haryana to be declared ODF state.
The announcement comes after three remaining districts – Upper Subansiri, Siang and Changlang were officially declared ODF. Arunachal Pradesh has total 21 districts and it attained this major cleanliness feat under Swach Bharat Abhiyan much before (one year and 10 months ahead) the national deadline of October 2, 2019.
Arunachal Pradesh had under taken ODF project under Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) SBM (G) by extending incentive of Rs 8,000 per toilet. This was addition to Central Government’s support of Rs 12,000, raising the grant for constructing a toilet to Rs 20,000.
The State government also had launched Swachh Arunachal Mission on October 2, 2017 at Tawang which envisaged Swachh Protocol (Cleanliness Protocol) aimed at ensuring sustainability of assets created under SBM (Gramin).
Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)
The SBM was launched in October 2014 to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on sanitation. It aims to achieve Swachh Bharat or make India clean by 2019, as a fitting tribute to the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
The SBM consists of two sub-missions Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin), implemented in rural areas, and Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), implemented in urban areas. SBM-G seeks to eliminate open defecation in rural areas by improving access to sanitation by ensuring the use of toilets, besides their construction.
It also seeks to generate awareness to motivate communities to adopt sustainable sanitation practices, and encourage the use of appropriate technologies for sanitation. Open defecation is an important factor for causing various diseases like intestinal worm infections, diarrhoea, polio, hepatitis etc.