organ donation Current Affairs - 2020

30 November: 10th Indian Organ Donation Day celebrated

The 10th Indian Organ Donation Day was celebrated on 30 November 2019. Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare presided over, Dr. Harsh Vardhan presided over 10th Indian Organ Donation Day at a function held at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi. The celebration was organised by NOTTO (National Organ & Tissue Transplant Organization.

Background: Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) had launched 6th World and first ever Indian Organ Donation Day and Organ Donation Congress in 2010 in New Delhi.

About National Organ & Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO)

Union government set up National Organ & Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) as a mandate of Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011. As specified by the Act, NOTTO is performing the functions of National Human Organs & Tissues Removal and Storage Network.

NOTTO is responsible for putting systems in place for organ donation, carrying out activities for promotion of organ donation from deceased persons, and transplantation and training needed manpower etc.

The procurement and sharing of organs obtained from deceased donors and allocation of procured organs is done by NOTTO, SOTTOs & ROTTOs. NOTTO sets up networking among hospitals and tissue banks at national level, while ROTTO at regional level and SOTTO at State level. The networking of transplant/ retrieval hospitals is done to ensure that any organ which is donated does not get wasted.

Organ Donation in India

As per data available on Global Observatory on Donation and Transplantation, India performs 2nd largest number of transplants in world, next only to USA. However, India has a dismal 0.65 per million population (PMP) Organ Donation Rate and need is to improve this.

13 August: Organ Donation Day

Every year 13 August is observed as Organ donation day, to create awareness about organ donation and to remove the myths about organ donation from people’s mind. Organ donation day urges people of all communities to come forth and donate organs to save precious lives.

Organ Donation Day

Background: Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare launched 6th World and 1st ever Indian Organ Donation Day and Organ Donation Congress in 2010 in New Delhi.

Organ Donor: As per National Health Portal guidelines, anyone can be an organ donor irrespective of age, caste, religion and community. A donor can initiate to donate organs such as heart, kidneys, liver, intestine, lungs and pancreas after his/her death. Later these organs can be transplanted into another person who is in urgent need of an organ.

Legal status of organ donation in India: Organ donations are legal by Indian law and for this purpose Government of India has enacted Transplantation of Human Organs Act (THOA), 1994, which permits organ donation, and legitimizes concept of ‘brain death’.

Significance

As per National Health Portal, there is a huge number of population which dies due to organ failure in India with almost 500,000 people dying due to non-availability of organs. Organ donation can be life-changing for many and this practice can give a new life to the ones in need.

The Organ donation day strives to motivate people to donate their healthy and precious organs after death to save lives. The day tries to spread information and make people aware about organ donation and also attempts to eliminate myths and fears people have in their mind about organ donation.