Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Current Affairs - 2020

CIPET renamed as Central Institute of Petrochemicals Engineering and Technology

The Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology has now been renamed as Central Institute of Petrochemicals, Engineering and Technology. The name change was registered under Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act, 1975.


The main objective of CIPET is to contribute towards growth of plastics. It also focuses on education and research programme. The institute will focus on innovative plastic-based solutions.


The CIPET also receives United Nations Development Programme. Apart from UNDP, the support to CIPET is also received from OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Corporation), World Bank and UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization).


United Nations Industrial Development Organization was established in 1966. It is one of the 15 specialized agencies of the United Nations. The UNIDO aims to fulfil the Sustainable Development Goals.

Petrochemicals in India

The Petrochemical industry is growing fast in India. There are four main categories in the petrochemical industry. This includes polymers, elastomers, synthetic fibres and surfactant intermediate. Mumbai is the hub of petrochemical industry.

India Russia to sign MoU on Coking Coal

On May 7, 2020, Indian Petroleum Minister Shri Dharmendra Pradhan and Russian Energy Minister alexander Novak held a meeting through video conference. The ministers reviewed ongoing projects.


The ministers emphasized on the cooperation in coking sector. They also held talks about signing a Memorandum of Understanding on Coking coal. The Russian minister briefed about the OPEC+ agreement that was recently signed.

Importance of Coking Coal

India will require 180 million tonnes of coking coal by 2030-31. The coking coal is to be mainly used to cater steel industry. This comes because the National Steel Policy aims to increase the steel production by 300 million tonnes by 2030.

Also, India aims to meet 35% of its coking coal demands indigenously. The coking coal reserves in India is around 27.9 billion tonnes.

Background of the meet

India is seeking long term agreement of crude oil supply from Russia to diversify the sources of hydrocarbon. India is also interested in gas infrastructure, gas business and petrochemicals industries in Russia.

In order to achieve this, India has been conducting negotiations with Russia. The video conference that was held between the ministers was based on these interests of India.

Other Interests of India

India is interested to explore new sea routes in the Russian Arctic to source crude oil from the region. Also, it intends to revive the Vladivostok-Chennai shipping line to source coking coal from the region.