Orissa Current Affairs - 2019
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The state of Odisha celebrates Odisha Divas or Utkala Divas every year on April 1st to commemorate the state formation day. On this day 82 years ago, Orissa (now Odisha) was established as a province of British India.
- In 1912, Bihar and Orissa had been separated from Bengal to form the Bihar and Orissa Province.
- In 1936, Bihar and Orissa Province was itself split to form Bihar Province and Orissa Province.
- On 1 April 1936, the new province Orissa came into being with Sir John Austin Hubback, Indian Civil Servant (ICS), as the Governor.
- Orissa was the first linguistic province in the country.
- After Independence, the area of Orissa was almost doubled and the population was increased by a third with the addition of 24 former princely states.
- The name of the state was changed from Orissa to Odisha, and the name of its language from Oriya to Odia, in 2011.
Known centuries ago as Kalinga, the state of Odisha has displayed exemplary courage in resisting the might of the Mauryas in the Kalinga War. Home to Lord Jagannath, state of Odisha has a fifth of India’s coal, a quarter of its iron ore, a third of its bauxite reserves and much of the country’s art and culture.
As per the India Human Development Survey (IHDS) survey, 4 out of 10 women in India still have no say in their marriage, 8 out of 10 need permission to visit a doctor, 6 out of 10 practise some form of head covering and the average Indian household gives over Rs.30,000 in dowry.
Excerpts of the latest data of India Human Development Survey (IHDS) 2011-12
- Sample size: 42,000 households.
- Covers economic data on income and expenditure, development data on education and health, and sociological data on caste, gender and religion.
- Average wedding expense: Groom: Rs 81,952, Bride – Rs 1,26,724.
- Average dowry: Rs.30, 000.
- Marriage: 48% women (over 25) were married before age 18 (as opposed to 60% in 2004-5) and 59% women (over 25) with any say in marriage.
- Around 41% of women still have no say in their marriage.
- Say in marriage: Best states: Tamil Nadu (94%), Assam (90%), AP and Kerala – 86%, Worst States: Rajasthan (20%), UP(24%), MP & Orissa- 29%.
- Mean age at marriage – 17.8.
- Knew their husband before marriage (over 25): 18%.
- Woman practice head/face covering: Highest: Rajasthan – 96%, Bihar – 91%, Haryana & MP – 88%, Lowest: T.N – 6%, AP – 13%, North east – 15%.
- 81% women need permission to visit doctor.
- 60% of women, including 59% of forward caste Hindus and 83% of Muslim women, practice some form of `purdah’ or `ghunghat’.
- Most expensive weddings: Kerala & Delhi.
- The practice of marrying a cousin or relative, more common in the south than the north, is becoming less common, but over 20% in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka still marry relatives.
About India Human Development Survey (IHDS)
- Conducted by the National Council for Applied Economic Research (NCAER).
- Largest household survey. (After the government’s Nation Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) surveys.
- NCAER is the only independent body that conducts such large-sample panel surveys.
Outcome of the survey: The data shows that with the growing level of education, urbanization and women empowerment programme the condition of women is slightly improving in the society.