OSDMA Current Affairs - 2019

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October 29: Odisha Disaster Preparedness Day 

Odisha Disaster Preparedness Day and National Day for Disaster Reduction is observed every year on 29 October to commemorate destruction brought by Super Cyclone 1999 and to prepare ourselves for future disasters.

Key Highlights

Theme of Odisha Disaster Preparedness Day for year 2019- ‘Empowering Community for Disaster Resilience’.

To mark the occasion of Odisha Disaster Preparedness Day 2019, Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik inaugurated an awareness rally and photo & painting exhibition on Disaster Response equipment in Odisha. He also unveiled the Annual Newsletter of OSDMA ‘The Response’ and felicitated volunters, agencies and institutions for their commendable works done in field of Disaster Management for year 2019.

The State level programme for observation of Odisha Disaster Preparedness Day 2019 and National Day for Disaster Reduction was organized by Odisha State Disaster Management Authority at Rabindra Mandap Bhubaneswar.

Unique Flood Hazard Atlas: Odisha

Odisha has come out with a unique flood hazard atlas aided by satellite imagery, which is expected to help the coastal state manage floods more efficiently. The atlas was released by Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik at the State-level Natural Calamity Meeting.

About Flood Hazard Atlas

Need: Atlas would serve as a useful resource of information for policy makers, planners and civil society groups.

Base Period: Atlas is compiled on basis of historic flood inundation captured via satellite imagery over 18 years period from year 2001 to 2018.

Methodology:

Firstly, all satellite data sets were analysed and flood layers were extracted from it, then all flood layers corresponding to a particular year were combined into one inundation layer, so that this layer represents maximum flooded area in 1 year period.

Then all such combined flood layers for a period of 18 years were integrated into flood hazard layer representing observed flood-inundated areas with different frequencies. This layer was integrated with digital database layers of Odisha.

Key Findings of Study

The National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Hyderabad had undertaken a study on Odisha’s flood hazard zonation.

Floods in Odisha: Every year vast areas of Odisha are inundated when there is flooding in major rivers of state, viz. Mahanadi, Subarnarekha, Brahmani, Rushikulya and Baitarani. Also, as per Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA), damages due to floods are mainly caused by Mahanadi, Brahmani and Baitarani, which have a common delta where floodwaters intermingle and when in series simultaneously cause havoc.

Flash Floods: Few districts in western and southern part of Odisha are prone to flash floods which are caused due to instant run-off from hilly catchments areas of rivers like, Vamsadhara and Budhabalanga.

Hazard Prone: The entire coastal belt is prone to storm surges, which is commonly accompanied by heavy rainfall which then makes estuary region vulnerable to both storm surges and river flooding. Few districts in Odisha’s western and southern part of are prone to flash floods.

Hazard Categories: As per NRSC analysis during 2001-2018, about 8.96% (13.96 lakh hectares) of land in Odisha was affected by floods. Out of this 13.96 lakh hectare flood-affected area nearly 2.81 lakh hectares of land falls under high inundated flood hazard categories (7-9 times) to very high inundated flood hazard categories (10-14 times).