Oslo Current Affairs - 2019

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Russia launches 1st Arctic train service

Russia has launched first Arctic train service running from St. Petersburg station headed to Norway. The inaugural trial journey of first tourist train traveling through Russia’s Arctic region and on to Norway will be a 11-day trip with 91 passengers aboard.

Key Highlights

  • Journey: The train is named ‘Zarengold’ (means ‘The Tsar’s gold’ in German). It is complete with two restaurant cars will travel along route from Saint Petersburg through Petrozavodsk (historic town of Kem) and Murmansk.
  • The tourists will get off the train at Murmansk (largest city north of Arctic Circle) and will continue by bus to Kirkenes in Norway before ending their journey with a boat trip to Oslo (Norway’s capital) or by air to island of Spitsbergen, the largest and only permanently populated island of Svalbard archipelago located in northern Norway.
  • Time: The whole trip will take 11 days in total and allow passengers to discover areas in Arctic region which are difficult to access by other means.
  • Aboard: The inaugural test journey is being undertaken by tourist belonging to seven countries including the United States, Germany, Norway and Russia.

Way Forward

  • The train is expected to run twice by 2020 and four times in 2021.
  • As global warming is breaking up the glaciers in Arctic region, Russia tries to foresee new trading routes and opportunities in it. With this new advancement in connectivity Russia hopes to become top economic and military power in Arctic region.

 

Month: Categories: InternationalUPSC

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Karen Uhlenbeck becomes First Woman to Win Prestigious Abel Prize

US Mathematician Karen Uhlenbeck has been chosen for the Abel Prize 2019 for her fundamental work in geometric analysis and gauge theory, which has dramatically changed the mathematical landscape.

Karen Uhlenbeck’s theories have revolutionised the understanding of minimal surfaces, such as those formed by soap bubbles, and more general minimization problems in higher dimensions

Karen Uhlenbeck is the first women to win the Prestigious Abel Prize. With this feat, Women took another step forward in the still male-dominated world of science.

Able Prize

Able Prize established by the Oslo government in 2002 honour outstanding scientific work in the field of mathematics, a discipline not included among the Nobel awards.

Able Prize is named after the 19th century Norwegian mathematician Niels Henrik Abel. Able Prize comes with a monetary award of 6 million Norwegian Kroner (NOK).

The sole Indian recipient of the Able Prize is Indian American mathematician S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan. He was awarded for his fundamental contributions to probability theory and in particular for creating a unified theory of large deviation.

Month: Categories: Awards & Honours

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