Pacific Ocean Current Affairs
The world’s largest international maritime warfare exercise Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC-2018) will see participation of 26 countries, including India. The exercise will be held from June 27 to August 2, 2018 in and around Hawaiian Islands and Southern California.
The theme for this year’s RIMPAC exercise is “Capable, Adaptive, Partners.” Four countries Brazil, Israel, Sri Lanka and Vietnamare are participating for first time. US had withdrawn invitation of Chinese navy in response to China’s continued illegal militarisation of islands in disputed South China Sea.
RIMPAC 2018 will see participation of 47 surface ships, five submarines, 18 national land forces, and more than 200 aircraft and 25,000 personnel. New Zealand will be serving as sea combat commander in this edition of exercise, and Chile serving as combined force maritime component commander. This will be for the first time non-founding RIMPAC nation (Chile) will hold component commander leadership position.
In this edition, RIMPAC for first time will see participation of land-based unit in the live fire event. It will feature live firing of Long-Range Anti-Ship Missile (LRASM) from US Air Force aircraft, surface-to-ship missiles by Japan Ground Self-Defence Force and Naval Strike Missile (NSM) from launcher on back of Palletized Load System (PLS) by US Army.
Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) Exercise
RIMPAC is the world’s largest international maritime warfare exercise. It was held for first time in 1971, since the held biennially near Honolulu, Hawaii (US) during June and July of even-numbered years. It is hosted and administered by United States Navy’s Pacific Fleet (headquartered at Pearl Harbour) in conjunction with Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and Hawaii National Guard forces under control of Governor of Hawaii. For this exercise, host country US invites military forces of countries from Pacific Rim and beyond to participate. The biennial exercise seeks to provide unique training opportunity to participants in order foster cooperative relationships to ensure the safety of sea lanes and security on the world’s oceans.
Scientists have discovered new species of glow-in-the-dark shark living 1,000 feet below the Pacific Ocean off the coast of the northwestern Hawaiian islands.
It has been named Etmopterus lailae and belongs to lanternshark family. It has an unusually large nose, weighs a little less than a kilo and measures less than a foot. This unique features and characteristics make it different form other lanternsharks.
Etmopterus lailae has a strange head shape which is large and bulgy snout where its nostrils and olfactory organs are located. It dwells in a deep sea environment with almost no light so it has big sniffer to find food.
It has flank markings that go forward and backward on their bellies and a naked patch without scales on the underside of its snout. Like other lanternsharks, it is also bio-luminescent. Its flanks on the bottom of its belly glow in the dark. The markings on its belly and tail also are specific to it.
This species is understudied because of its size and the fact that it lives in very deep water. It is not easily visible or accessible like so many other sharks.