Paika Rebellion Current Affairs - 2019
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PM Modi announced setting up of a Chair on the Paika Rebellion, in Utkal University, Bhubaneswar. He also released a commemorative stamp and coin on the Paika Rebellion.
The Paika Rebellion of 1817 in Odisha briefly shook the foundations of British rule in the eastern part of India. Paikas were the peasant militias of the Gajapati rulers of Odisha and rendered military service to the king during times of war while taking up cultivation during times of peace.
The British had established their sway over Bengal Province and Madras Province to the north and south of Odisha and occupied Odhisa in 1803. The Gajapati Ruler of Odisha Mukunda Deva-ll was a minor then and the resistance by Jai Rajguru, the custodian of Mukunda Deva-II, was put down brutally.
As British began consolidating their rule and started tinkering with the revenue system, they faced the anger of the people of Odhisa. A few years later Paikas under Baxi Jagabandhu, the hereditary chief of the militia army of the Gajapati King rose in rebellion by taking the support of tribals and other sections of society in March 1817. Paikas attacked British symbols of power, setting ablaze police stations, administrative offices and the treasury during their march towards Khurda, from where the British fled. The Paikas were supported by the rajas of Kanika, Kujang, Nayagarh and Ghumusar and zamindars, village heads and ordinary peasants. The Rebellion spread quickly.
British were initially taken aback and then tried to regain lost ground but faced stiff resistance from the Paikas. There was a widespread suppression. Rebels fought a guerilla war till 1819 but were captured and killed. Baxi Jagabandhu was finally arrested in 1825 and died in captivity in 1829.
The Paika Rebellion enjoys a cult status in Odisha. Children in Odhisa grow up with hearing stories of the brave fight against the British.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated projects worth around Rs 15,000 crore in Odisha on 24th Dec 2018 as part of his Mission Purbodaya – a prosperous East for building a new India. The projects are related to health, road and highways, higher education and culture.
The Projects inaugurated by the Prime Minister are listed below:
- New campus of IIT-Bhubaneswar at Aragul built at a cost of Rs 1660 crore to the Nation.
- ESIC hospital in Bhubaneshwar costing 73.5 crore rupees.
- Lalitgiri Archaeological Museum which houses huge sculptures of the Buddha and various Buddhist deities.
- A commemorative coin and a postage stamp in memory of Paika Rebellion as this year marks the 200th anniversary of the Paika rebellion.
- Foundation stone for two projects Indian Oil’s pipeline from Paradip to Hyderabad at a projected cost of 3,800 crore rupees and GAIL’s gas pipeline from Angul to Bokaro in Jharkhand at a projected cost of 3,437 crore rupees under the Urja Ganga Yojana.
PM Modi announced that the centre is taking steps for establishing five medical colleges in the state.
Urja Ganga Yojana
Urja Ganga Yojana aims at providing piped cooking (PNG) gas and CNG gas for the vehicles to residents of the eastern region of the country. The programme involves laying of 2,050-km pipeline connecting Jagdishpur (UP) to Haldia (West Bengal) by 2018 covering the states of UP, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Odisha. The project is being implemented by GAIL.
Ayushman Bharat-National Health Protection Scheme will cover over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families (approximately 50 crore beneficiaries) providing coverage up to 5 lakh rupees per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization. Ayushman Bharat – National Health Protection Mission also subsumes the on-going centrally sponsored schemes like Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and the Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS).