Pakistan Current Affairs

Pakistan successfully test fires enhanced version of Babur cruise missile

Pakistan successfully test fired Babur Weapon System-1 (B), an enhanced version of indigenously-built Babur cruise missile. The cruise missile is important part of Pakistan’s strategic deterrence.

Cruise Missile

It is an unmanned self-propelled (till the time of impact) guided missile. It flies within the earth’s atmosphere and use jet engine technology to propel itself and fly during its major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.  It is designed to deliver a large warhead over long distances with high precision. Modern cruise missiles are self-navigating and are capable of travelling at supersonic or high subsonic speeds and are able to fly on non-ballistic, extremely low-altitude trajectory.

Babur Weapon System-1 (B)

The missile has been named after the first Mughal emperor Babur. It can deliver conventional and non-conventional weapons with range of 700 kilometres (brings many important Indian cities within its range.). It is low-flying, terrain-hugging missile, which carries certain stealth features, making it important force multiplier for Pakistan’s strategic deterrence.

It incorporates advanced aerodynamics and avionics that can strike targets both at land and sea with high accuracy. It is equipped with Terrain Contour Matching (TERCOM) and all time Digital Scene Matching and Area Co-relation (DSMAC) technologies, which enable it to engage in various types of targets with pinpoint accuracy even in the absence of GPS navigation.

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Exercise Gaganshakti 2018: IAF to conduct biggest combat exercise along Pakistan, China borders

Indian Air Force (IAF) is going to conduct Exercise Gaganshakti 2018, biggest air combat exercise along Pakistan, China borders between April 10 to 23, 2018.

The aim of this exercise is real time coordination, deployment and employment of air power in short and intense battle scenario. Though it is IAF centric exercise, it will also be executed keeping in mind “Joint Operational Doctrine” so that requirements of other services are also met.

Key Facts

The exercise is aimed at coordinating operations, maintenance and administrative responses to achieve stated objectives of IAF, in case of any contingency. This exercise will hone war fighting skills of air warriors in real time scenario thus affirming IAF’s role as cutting edge of India’s military capability.

In this pan India synergised exercise, IAF will mobilise its all assets in  war like scenario within 48 hours of orders from Air Force Chief. It will mobilise more than 1100 combat, transport and rotary wing (helicopter) aircrafts to practice real time combat scenario that will be conducted day and night with enemy encompassing along Pakistan border in Western areas and along China border in Northern areas.

The IAF in this exercise will showcase its multi spectrum capabilities, both offensive and defensive. It will conduct all terrain operations- high altitude, desert, maritime scenarios and special operations in the real time. During the exercise, 1100 aircrafts will be flying three-four sorties in day with cumulative sorties reaching to tcount of 3300 to 4400 in day.

The exercise will put to test logistics stamina of IAF and its ability to sustain continuous operations through day and night. Apart from wartime drills, IAF will also practice and validate various Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) drills.

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