Paris Agreement Current Affairs - 2020

India attends Petersberg Climate Dialogue

On April 28, 2020, Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate change Shri Prakash Javadekar attended the 11th session of “Petersberg Climate Dialogue” representing India.

Highlights

The dialogue was hosted by Germany. It was co-chaired by United Kingdom. Over 30 countries participated in the dialogue. The dialogue discussed about measures to tackle COVID-19, save lives and to overcome social and economic consequences of the disease. It also discussed about the preparatory steps in moving into the implementation phase of Paris Agreement.

India at the dialogue

India suggested to have a Climate Technology that is open to everyone at affordable cost. India also suggested to create 1 trillion USD grant to the developing world immediately.

About the Dialogue

The Dialogue is being organized by Germany since the failure of Copenhagen Summit in 2009. The dialogue is usually attended by the Environmental Ministers.

Copenhagen Summit

The Copenhagen Summit failed to deliver a climate deal. The 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC) is commonly known as Copenhagen Summit. It was held in Copenhagen, Denmark.

At the summit, the Copenhagen Accord was drafted. The Developed countries under the accord agreed to pledge up to 30 billion USD.

Other major UNFCCC

In 2010, the Green Climate Fund was established. In 2012, the Kyoto Protocol was adopted. In 2015, the Paris Agreement was adopted.

April 22: World Earth Day

Every year World Earth Day is celebrated on April 22. The day is celebrated to demonstrate environmental protection. It is being celebrated since 1970.

This year the World Earth Day is celebrated under the theme

Theme: Climate Action

Highlights

On the World Earth Day, 2016, the famous Paris Agreement was signed by more than 120 countries. The day was proposed by peace activist John McConnell in 1970. The day is celebrated by World Earth Day Network. Around 193 countries join the celebrations.

50th Anniversary

This year the 50th anniversary of World Earth Day is celebrated through digital mobilizations. The following are the five components that are to be included in the celebrations

  • Citizen Science: This year around 1 billion data points are being engaged to measure water quality, air quality, human health and pollution. In order to achieve this “Earth Challenge 2020” is being organized.
  • Advocacy: The World Earth Day is to mobilize actions and amplify links between technologies and climate prosperity.
  • Volunteering
  • Education
  • Programmes for Artists

Paris Agreement

Paris Agreement was signed within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change (UNFCCC). The main aim of the agreement was to keep the increase in global temperature below 2 degree Celsius as compared to that of the pre industrial levels. And to make efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degree Celsius.