Paris Agreement on Climate Change Current Affairs - 2020

April 22: World Earth Day

Every year World Earth Day is celebrated on April 22. The day is celebrated to demonstrate environmental protection. It is being celebrated since 1970.

This year the World Earth Day is celebrated under the theme

Theme: Climate Action

Highlights

On the World Earth Day, 2016, the famous Paris Agreement was signed by more than 120 countries. The day was proposed by peace activist John McConnell in 1970. The day is celebrated by World Earth Day Network. Around 193 countries join the celebrations.

50th Anniversary

This year the 50th anniversary of World Earth Day is celebrated through digital mobilizations. The following are the five components that are to be included in the celebrations

  • Citizen Science: This year around 1 billion data points are being engaged to measure water quality, air quality, human health and pollution. In order to achieve this “Earth Challenge 2020” is being organized.
  • Advocacy: The World Earth Day is to mobilize actions and amplify links between technologies and climate prosperity.
  • Volunteering
  • Education
  • Programmes for Artists

Paris Agreement

Paris Agreement was signed within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change (UNFCCC). The main aim of the agreement was to keep the increase in global temperature below 2 degree Celsius as compared to that of the pre industrial levels. And to make efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degree Celsius.

Russia formally joins Paris Agreement on Climate Change

Russia has formally accepted the 2015 Paris agreement on Climate Change. The Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Medvedev has recently signed a document in this regard. As per the document Russia will now allocate financial resources towards developing countries for prevention of and adaptation to climate change.

Key Highlights

United Nations Climate Action Summit in New York: The formal support by Russia to Paris climate agreement comes came just hours ahead of a new major UN climate summit. The new major Climate Action Summit in New York is aimed towards reinvigorate faltering Paris accord as mankind is releasing more greenhouse gases than ever into the atmosphere. It is trying to tackle ever increasing gas emissions.

What is Paris Agreement? It is an agreement within United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) that was signed in 2016. It deals with greenhouse-gas-emissions (GHG) mitigation, adaptation, and finance.

This agreement on climate change gives countries a choice in how to join accords by ratification, acceptance, approval/accession to agreement which depends on their national legislation.

Important Fact

Russia is world’s fourth largest emitter.

Russia had signed the Paris accord in 2016, however, the recent decision to ‘accept’ the accord signifies Russia’s consent to obligations under Paris Agreement.

As of now there are 11 countries which are yet to formally ratify Paris Agreement. These are: Iran, Oman, Yemen, Angola, Iraq, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, South Sudan, Suriname, and Eritrea.