Partition Of India Current Affairs - 2019
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For 1st time after Independence (1947), ‘Nagar Kirtan’ carrying Guru Granth Sahib which was taken out from Nankana Sahib district of Punjab province of Pakistan, arrived at Attari in Amritsar, India. Nagar Kirtan is a religious procession. It will culminate at Sultanpur Lodhi in Kapurthala district of Punjab in India after passing through various cities and towns.
This procession by devotees is to mark 550th birth anniversary celebrations of Guru Nanak Dev founder of Sikhism.
Nagar Kirtan carrying holy Guru Granth Sahib, in which around 500 Sikh devotees participated crossed over to India from Pakistan through the land transit route of Attari border.
The event was organized by Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee (SGPC), an apex religious body of the Sikhs with support from both Indian and Pakistani authorities
The large parade of devotees followed religious procession from Gurdwara Nankana Sahib in Pakistan to Wagah border amid a thick security cover. Gurdwara Nankana Sahib is birthplace of Guru Nanak Dev.
Guru Nanak Dev
He was founder and 1st Guru of Sikhism. He was born in 1469, in village Talwandi now known as Nankana Sahib, is situated near city of Lahore in present day Pakistan.
Sikhs around world celebrate auspicious occasion of Guru Nanak Dev’s birth on Pooranmashi (full moon) day in Lunar month of Katak (October-November), which falls on a different date every year.
550th birth anniversary celebrations of Baba Guru Nanak Dev
In November 2019, 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak will be celebrated. However, on November 2018 Central government decided to celebrate 550th birth anniversary of Shri Guru Nanak Dev at national and international level for a period of one year from November 2018 to November 2019.
Tags: 550th birth anniversary of Baba Guru Nanak • Gurdwara Nankana Sahib • Guru Nanak Dev • India-Pakistan • Nagar Kirtan
Almost 1,000-year-old Shawala Teja Singh Temple located in Sialkot city of Pakistan, which was sealed for last 72 years, has been re-opened for devotees for the 1st time since partition. Decision to reopen temple was issued by Paksitan Prime Minister Imran Khan.
Shawala Teja Singh Temple
History: Shawala Teja Singh temple is an ancient Hindu temple which was built by Sardar Teja Singh. It is dedicated to Hindu deity Shiva, in Sialkot in Punjab province of Pakistan. Pilgrims climb a steep staircase to reach temple. It was shut down during Partition. In1992 a mob protesting against demolition of Babri Masjid in India had reportedly damaged temple, following which Hindu pilgrims had stopped visiting it.
Evacuee Trust Property Board (ETPB) looks after holy places of minorities in Pakistan. ETPB has opened Shawala Teja Singh temple after Partition on demand of local Hindu community. The board is also undertaking restoration work of this temple which is still underway and is expected to complete it shortly.
Significance of Re-opening:
Restoring and re-opening of Shawala Teja Singh temple is a major decision in favour of Hindu pilgrims who form biggest minority community in Pakistan. As per official estimates nearly 75 lakh Hindus live in Pakistan. Majority of them are settled in Sindh province where they share culture, traditions and language with Muslims.
Hindu pilgrim from India will also be able to visit the temple.