Peace Current Affairs - 2019
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The three day South Asia Regional Youth Peace Conference was held in New Delhi as part 150th birth anniversary celebrations of father of nation Mahatma Gandhi. It was organised by Gandhi Smriti and Darshan Samiti, UNESCO Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development (MGIEP) and STEP (Standing Together to Enable Peace). It was inaugurated by Krishna G Kulkarni, great grandson of Mahatma Gandhi.
South Asia Regional Youth Peace Conference
Its objective was to eliminate stereotypes, prejudices across all borders to understand micro-macro aspect of issues, identify common challenges and develop plan of action and to build network of youth leaders. It was also aimed to equip young leaders with skills and knowledge based on peace education, critical enquiry and socio-emotional learning as tool to engage with their peers. It also aimed to build a network of youth leaders and change-makers across South Asia who will join hands to address common challenging issues together.
It provided platform for young people of South Asia to further peace agenda in the region. About 100 youth leaders from South Asian countries and different parts of India had participated in to discuss different dimensions of ‘peace’. The countries represented include: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka. The conference had conversations on Gender, Food Security, Interfaith Harmony, Digital media, Art Democracy and other Dialogues.
National Dialogue Quartet (NDQ) in Tunisia has won prestigious 2015 Nobel Peace Prize.
Norwegian Nobel Committee has selected NDQ for its decisive contribution in building pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the 2011 Jasmine Revolution.
NDQ was established in 2013 as an alternative, peaceful political process at a time when Tunisia was on the brink of civil war aftermath of revolution.
NDQ consists following 4 organisations in Tunisian civil society
- Tunisian General Labour Union.
- Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts.
- Tunisian Human Rights League.
- Tunisian Order of Lawyers.
After the Tunisian Arab Spring (Jasmine Revolution) in 2010-2011, NDQ paved the way for a peaceful dialogue between the citizens.
NDQ was also instrumental in establishing a constitutional system of government in Tunisia by guaranteeing fundamental rights for the entire population, irrespective of gender, religious belief or political conviction.
About Jasmine Revolution
- It was an intensive campaign of civil resistance including a series of street demonstrations against the long authoritarian rule of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
- The events of revolution began in December 2010 and led to the ousting Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011.
- Jasmine Revolution eventually led to a thorough democratization of the country and led to successful free and democratic elections.
- Arab Spring: It should be noted that Tunisia was birth place of Arab Spring which later spread to many parts of the Arab world including in Egypt, Libya, Syria and Yemen.
- In every country except Tunisia the revolution had turned violent. In case of Syria it turned into civil war.