Peace Current Affairs - 2020
The UN Day marks the entry into force of the UN Charter in 1945. However, the day is being commemorated since 1948. In 1971, UN recommended that the day be observed as public holiday by member nations.
Next year, October 24, 2020 UN completes its journey of successful 75 years. In order mark the anniversary, UN has launched “UN75: 2020 and Beyond-Shaping our future together”. The celebrations are being begun this year. Throughout the year, UN will hold meetings with nations and will invite them to participate in its collective action to realize peace, development and human rights for all.
- From January 2020, UN will hold dialogues around the world.
- It will work towards the aim of reaching global public, listen to their hopes and fears and learn from their experiences.
- UN75 will undertake global opinion polling, internet analysis to collate robust, representative and comparative data.
- It will also collect video and audio recordings with testimonials from people who have participated in illustrating people’s views and ideas.
Need of the commemoration
In many countries public trust in traditional institutions are declining. The relations between the countries are under strain. Apart from this, tackling issues like climate crisis, new patterns of violence, inequality, major changes in population and technology requires cooperation across borders, sectors and generations.
The SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) help solve above solutions. As an international organization, it is essential for the United Nations to bring the world together to achieve this.
Tags: Conservation • Inequality • Peace • SDG • Security
Afghanistan on 29 April 2019 convened rare “Loya Jirga”, a four day long grand assembly or massive meeting for delegates from across country to discuss war and efforts of United States to forge a peace deal with Taliban. At the end of huge peace summit in Kabul, Afghan officials called for immediate and permanent ceasefire.
- It is a centuries-old tradition in Afghanistan which is usually convened at times of national crisis or to settle national issues.
- It means “grand council” in Pashto. It is a 4 day long grand assembly held at Kabul, Afghanistan.
- Participants include ethnic, religious and tribal leaders, politicians and representatives from all over the country.
- In past it has been used to approve new constitution, declare war, choose a new king, or to make social or political reforms.
- In Loya Jirga 2019, more than 3,000 participants gathered under tight security to discuss possibility of peace, cease-fire and women’s rights in keeping with tenets of Islam.
- Several committee leaders favored an immediate pause in violence, which still continues across Afghanistan even after various peace summits taking place.
The Taliban, who were earlier not at talks, are meeting separately with US peace envoy Zalmay Khalilzad in Doha in May 1st week. It is seen as an effort to make a deal with US that could see withdrawal of foreign forces from Afghanistan.
- The Taliban has frequently refused to talk to Afghan government, as it views government as a puppet regime. This means that even if US and Taliban agrees on deal to end war and set timetable for eventual withdrawal of troop, the insurgents may still forge some kind of an accord with Afghan politicians and tribal elders before an enduring ceasefire could start.
- Most people of Afghan society worry that if US does make a deal with Taliban, then militant Islamists would try to seize power and undo advances in women’s rights, media freedoms, and legal protections.
Note: Taliban is a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement and military organization in Afghanistan currently waging war within the country.
Tags: Afghanistan • ceasefire • Kabul • Loya Jirga • Pashtun