Peace Current Affairs - 2020

April 25: International Delegate’s Day

On April 25, 2020, for the first time, the United Nations marked the International Delegate’s Day. The Day is being marked to celebrate the 75th anniversary of San Francisco Conference.

San Francisco Conference

On April 25, 1945, delegates from 50 countries came together in San Francisco for the first time. The main aim of the conference was to come together to restore world peace and impose rules post world war. More than 850 delegates participated in the conference. They represented 80% of the world population.

The Charter of United Nations was framed after two months of the conference, that is, on June 25, 1945.

Significance

Delegates are the back bone of the United Nations. They bring life to the organization and hence it is important to recognize their role. The delegates to the United Nations represent their concerned countries and are appointed by the country.

Role of Delegates

The United Nations has adopted the resolution 73/286 to recognize the crucial role played by the delegates. These delegates live up to the goals of United Nations, that is, to maintain international peace, promote effective multilateralism and encourage respect for fundamental freedom and human rights. The delegates negotiate agreements with the other member countries, coordinate with their countries and follow interests of the governments they serve.

April 24: International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace

Every year April 24 is marked as the International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace. It was first observed on April 24, 2019.

Highlights

The day is marked by the United Nations. It aims to preserve values of international cooperation and multilateralism, based on which the UN Charter and 2030 Sustainable Development Goals are framed. Also, the day is marked to promote and support three pillars of the United Nations. They are peace and security, human rights and development.

Background

United Nations was established in 1945 after second world war based on one central mission, which is international peace and security.

2020

This year, the International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace considers COVID-19 as the biggest challenge since the world war. This year the day is being marked to spread the importance of multilateralism to win over the combat against COVID-19. This is to be achieved by identifying common opportunities of the countries.