National Dialogue Quartet (NDQ) in Tunisia has won prestigious 2015 Nobel Peace Prize.
Norwegian Nobel Committee has selected NDQ for its decisive contribution in building pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the 2011 Jasmine Revolution.
NDQ was established in 2013 as an alternative, peaceful political process at a time when Tunisia was on the brink of civil war aftermath of revolution.
NDQ consists following 4 organisations in Tunisian civil society
- Tunisian General Labour Union.
- Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts.
- Tunisian Human Rights League.
- Tunisian Order of Lawyers.
After the Tunisian Arab Spring (Jasmine Revolution) in 2010-2011, NDQ paved the way for a peaceful dialogue between the citizens.
NDQ was also instrumental in establishing a constitutional system of government in Tunisia by guaranteeing fundamental rights for the entire population, irrespective of gender, religious belief or political conviction.
About Jasmine Revolution
- It was an intensive campaign of civil resistance including a series of street demonstrations against the long authoritarian rule of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
- The events of revolution began in December 2010 and led to the ousting Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011.
- Jasmine Revolution eventually led to a thorough democratization of the country and led to successful free and democratic elections.
- Arab Spring: It should be noted that Tunisia was birth place of Arab Spring which later spread to many parts of the Arab world including in Egypt, Libya, Syria and Yemen.
- In every country except Tunisia the revolution had turned violent. In case of Syria it turned into civil war.