Persons with Disabilities Current Affairs - 2020

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Facts Box: Accessible India Campaign

Recently GoI extended the deadline for Accessible India Campaign to March 2020. The main objective of the campaign is to make public spaces friendly for persons with disabilities.

About the campaign

The campaign is also called Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan. The scheme was launched by Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The initiative is in line with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities to which India signed in 2007. The scheme was also launched under Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995. Under the act, the scheme comes under the jurisdiction of sections 44, 45 and 46 that provides equal opportunities and protection of rights in transport sector to those who are physically challenged.

Targets of the campaign

The campaign aims at making at least 50% of government owned buildings as disabled-friendly. It was aimed at doing in three phases. In phase 1, the campaign focused on making international airports disabled-friendly by 2016. In phase 2, it aimed at making 25% of public transport vehicles disabled-friendly by 2017. In phase 3, it aimed at making 50% of government buildings disabled-friendly.

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2nd Global Disability Summit’ being held in Argentina

The 2nd Global Disability Summit is being held at Buenos Aires, Argentina from 6 June to 8 June 2019.

From India a delegation headed by Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment Thaawarchand Gehlot, will be participating in Summit. Union Minister also attended ‘1st Global Disability Summit’ held at London, UK in July 2018.

Key Highlights of Summit

Background: the first-ever Global Disability Summit was held at London, United Kingdom (UK) on 24 July 2018. It was hosted by UK Department for International Development (UK DFID), along with the co-hosts International Disability Alliance (IDA) and Government of Kenya. The summit was attended by global leaders from more than 40 countries (including India), who committed to work in direction of economic empowerment of persons with disabilities.

Objective:

  • To deliberate on issues related to empowerment and inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) across the world.
  • To work out a mechanism so as to enable PwDs to live an independent and dignified life.

Significance: The Global leaders attending the summit express their commitments towards eliminating stigma and discrimination against PwDs and to work towards promoting inclusive education, economic empowerment, technology and innovation in assistive devices, data desegregation etc. for them.

Way Ahead: After the Summit, Indian delegation will also be participating in bilateral discussions with Argentina Government for developing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between two countries on 9 June to 10 June 2019.

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