Physics Current Affairs - 2020
Every year on February 28, India celebrates National Science Day to mark the discovery of Raman Effect by Sir C V Raman. Raman Effect was discovered by the professor on February 28, 1928. This year, the National Science Day is celebrated under the theme
Theme: Women in Science
The National Science Day was first designated in 1986 and was first celebrated in 1987. Sir C V Raman announced his discovery on this day. He was later awarded the Nobel Prize for this discovery in 1930.
It was the National Council for Science and Technology that asked the GoI to pronounce February 28 as the National Science Day. The Council operates under Department of Science and Technology and is the nodal agency in implementing the celebrations of the day.
The Effect states about scattering of light. When a beam of light comes out of a liquid, the light wave scattered in a direction is different from that of the incoming light wave.
Tags: Department of Science and Technology (DST) • Light • National Council for Science and Technology Communication • National Science Day • Nobel Prize
The CSIR of Delhi topped the National Ranking Index 2020 that ranks the scientific research institutes. CSIR was followed by IISc Bangalore.
The Rankings were provided based on the numbers of research output. It is indicated by total citations in numbers. It also includes shares, that is the sharing percentage of an article.
The top research works in India in the current scenario includes environmental science, physics, chemistry and Life Sciences.
Share percentage and scores
The first rank holder CSIR had a share percentage of 87.74 and 142 counts. Followed by CSIR, IISC Bangalore had a share percentage of 83.61 and 211 count. The third rank was won by the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) with share percentage of 62.18 and 232 count.
The other top institutes included Homi Bhabha National Institute, IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, Indian Association of Cultivation of Science, IIT Guwahati.
The GoI is urging scientists to work on topics such as artificial intelligence, 5G, malnutrition, water conservation, prosperity of farmers, etc. The country is in need of these experts.