Pinaka Guided Missile Current Affairs - 2020

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Pinaka missiles test fired for the second day in salvo mode

The Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) test fired Pinaka missile system successfully for the second day on December 20, 2019 at Chandipur, Odisha. The first trial that was conducted on Dec 19, 2019, was also done at the Integrated Test range, Chandipur, Odisha.

Highlights

DRDO conducted the test firings of the Pinaka missile systems in salvo mode. The test was conducted at 20-km range and highest accuracy was achieved. The same trial was conducted for the second day as well in order to test the proximity initiation and also to test salvo launch. During this test trial, two missiles were fired at 60 seconds interval.

Salvo mode

Salvo is simultaneous discharge of firearms. This is a tactic used to cripple an enemy and prevent them from fighting back.

What is Pinaka?

Pinaka is a multi-barrel Rocket launcher (MBRL) system. It is capable of deploying 72 rockets in 44 seconds. Also, the rockets can be fired in different directions as well. Through technology transfer, Indian Army awarded contracts of manufacturing batteries of the Pinaka MBRL to TATA and L&T to produce 40 batteries each in 2006. In 2015, the Defence Acquisition Council cleared direct purchase of additional regiments of indigenous Pinaka multiple-launch rocket system. This was done to upgrade 26 Ilyushin transport aircraft bought from Russia.

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Pinaka missile successfully test fired by DRDO

The Pinaka missile was successfully test fired from Odisha coast on December 19, 2019 from the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur.

Highlights

The Pinaka missile is a modified version of Pinaka Mk-II rocket. The rocket was added with integrated navigation, control and guidance system in order to improve the end accuracy. The missile navigation will be aided by the IRNSS (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System).

The flight of the missile was tracked by several tracking systems namely radars, telemetry, Electro-Optical Targeting System. The systems confirmed high performance of the missile.

Previously, Pinaka was test fired at Pokhran, Rajasthan in March 2019.

Pinaka missile

The Pinaka is an artillery missile. It is capable of striking an enemy territory till 75 km of range with high precision. Pinaka was used for the first time in Kargil war. Till 2014, around 5,000 Pinaka missiles were being produced annually.

The manufacturing of Pinaka missiles began with the help of Russian technology transfer. The plan was formulated in 1983 and manufacturing began in 1994.

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