Pithoragarh Current Affairs - 2020

KAZIND-2019: lndo-Kazakhstan Joint Military Exercise to be held in Uttarakhand

A joint military exercise between India and Kazakhstan named KAZIND-2019 is scheduled to be held in Pithoragarh district, Uttarkhand from 3-15 October 2019. The exercise focuses mainly on counter terrorism operation.

About KAZIND-2019

Objective: To conduct company level joint training between India and Kazakhstan with emphasis on counter terrorism operation in mountainous terrain.

The KAZIND-2019 is the fourth edition of the annual event. The joint military exercise is conducted alternatively in Kazakhstan and India every year.

The 13-day exercise will be held in mountainous terrain of Pithoragarh with about 100 soldiers from both Indian and Kazakhstan armies participating.

During the 2019 edition of exercise, aspects of emerging trends of global terrorism and hybrid warfare have also been included. Also both countries will share with each other their experiences of counter insurgency and counter terrorism operations.

Significance

In the series of military training exercises undertaken by India with various countries, the KAZIND exercise with Kazakhstan is crucial in terms of security challenges faced by the two nations amid changing trends in global terrorism. Also, this joint military exercise will enhance the level of defence cooperation further fostering bilateral relations between the two nations.

GSI Sets Up 22 GPS Stations across Country

The Geological Survey of India (GSI) has launched 22 permanent global positioning system (GPS) stations across India to identify seismically hazardous zones and encourage mapping activities.

These 22 stations are part of the 35 stations planned by GSI to establish and maintain a network of continuously operating 35 permanent GPS stations.

Fact Box: Bhuvisamvad

Bhuvisamvad is an app launched by the Ministry of Mines to facilitate interaction between geo-scientists and university and college students.

GPS stations

22 stations inaugurated are based at Kolkata, Thiruvananthapuram, Jaipur, Pune, Dehradun, Chennai, Jabalpur, Bhubaneswar, Patna, Raipur, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Gandhinagar Vishakhapatnam, Agartala, Itanagar, Mangan, Jammu, Lucknow, Nagpur, Shillong and Little Andaman.

13 More Stations Would come up at Aizawl, Faridabad, Uttarkashi, Pithoragarh, Cooch Behar, Zawar, North Andaman, Middle Andaman, South Andaman, Ranchi, Mangalore, Imphal and Chitradurga.

These stations are meant to delineate high strain zones for earthquake probability, determine a seismic motion on faults that may lead to a rupture and produce thematic maps with high positional accuracy.

Geological Survey of India

Geological Survey of India (GSI) was established in 1851 primarily to find coal deposits for the Railways. Over the years GSI  has not only grown into a repository of geoscience information required in various fields in the country but has also attained the status of a geo-scientific organisation of international repute.

The main functions of GSI attached to the Ministry of Mines is to create and update of national geoscientific information and mineral resource assessment through ground surveys, airborne and marine surveys, mineral prospecting and investigations, multi-disciplinary geoscientific, geotechnical, geo-environmental and natural hazards studies, glaciology, seismotectonic study, and carrying out fundamental research.