Places in News Current Affairs - 2019
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The Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the Foundation Stone of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute at Gogamukh in Assam’s Dhemaji district located on the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh border. This will be the third Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI). Apart from IARI in the national capital, the work on setting up of second IARI in Ranchi, Jharkhand has commenced.
The setting up of a new institute is envisaged to help in the overall development of agriculture sector in North-East India. The institute will have facilities related to farming, horticulture crops, animal husbandry and silk pest farming.
Prime Minister also spoke of “Panch Tatva” for the overall development and to boost connectivity in the North-East India. The five ways are highways, railways, waterways, airways and I-ways or the optical fibre network.
IARI is a India’s premier national Institute for agricultural research and postgraduate higher studies in agricultural education. The IARI is financed and administered by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). The IARI is credited for the research leading to the Green Revolution in India of the 1970s.
The institute had its beginning in 1905 as Agricultural Research Institute (ARI) at Pusa, Bihar. In 1936 the institute got shifted and its new campus at New Delhi was established. At present, the institute has 20 divisions 5 multi-disciplinary Centres, 8 regional stations, 2 off-season nurseries, 3 All India coordinated research projects, and 10 national Centres located across the country.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone for All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) at Changsari in the Kamrup District of Assam. The institute will be constructed at a distance of 26 km from Guwahati.
The institute will be constructed at a cost of Rs 1,123 crores as part of the ‘Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana’. The construction of the institute will be completed within the next four years. The institute will have a hospital comprising of 750 beds, 22 super speciality departments including 16 operation theatres. It will also have a medical college capable of accommodating 100 MBBS students every year and a nursing college accommodating 60 students each year. It will be spread across 189 acres.
The AIIMS in Delhi attracts patients from all corners of the country resulting in overcrowding. Keeping in view of this, the government is taking steps to ensure the setting up of AIIMS in different parts of the country to cater to the needs of the people.
The seven functioning AIIMS are located in New Delhi, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Jodhpur, Patna, Raipur and Rishikesh.
Last year, the Union Cabinet had approved the establishment of a new AIIMS at Bhatinda, Punjab under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY). Besides, 3 new AIIMS in Nagpur (Maharashtra), Mangalagiri in Guntur (Andhra Pradesh) and Kalyani (West Bengal) were also have been sanctioned in 2015.
Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) is a Central Sector Scheme announced in August 2003. The primary objective of the scheme is to correct the regional imbalances in availability of affordable and reliable tertiary level healthcare in the country. Besides, it also seeks to augment facilities for quality medical education in under-served or backward States.