Places in News Current Affairs - 2019
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated India’s longest river bridge – the Dhola-Sadia Bridge in Assam. He has also renamed the bridge as Bhupen Hazarika Bridge. The construction of the bridge began in 2011. The cost of the project is about Rs 2056 crores.
Dhola-Sadia Bridge is a three lane bridge stretching 9.15 kilometre built over river Lohit, which is a tributary of the Brahmaputra river. The bridge was built by Navayuga Engineering Co. Ltd. The Dhola-Sadiya bridge is 3.55 km longer than the Bandra–Worli Sea Link in Mumbai which is the longest bridge in the country as of now.
The bridge will connect Sadia, which is 540 Km from Guwahati and Dhola, situated 300 Km from Itanagar. The bridge has been designed to withstand the weight of 60-tonne battle tanks. This will be the only bridge in the region that will be strong enough to withstand the travel of tanks to Tinsukia, a place from where Indian troops usually enter Arunachal.
Road connectivity between Dhola to Sadia will boost overall economic development of the areas north of Brahmaputra in upper Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. The bridge fills a huge connectivity gap that existed in the north east region. Till now, the only means existed to cross this location was a ferry travel which was not possible during floods. The construction of the bridge will reduce the distance from Rupai on NH- 37 in Assam to Meka-Roing on NH-52 in Arunachal Pradesh by 165 Km. This reduction in travel time is expected to result in saving of petrol and diesel worth 10 lakh rupees per day. Travel time between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh will also get reduced by up to four hours.
The bridge will cater to the strategic requirements in border areas and will facilitate troop mobilization much more quickly in Arunachal Pradesh, the state which is claimed in its entirety by China.
Mt Lhotse has recorded its first summit in 3 years. Mt Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world. Indian climber Debasish Biswas and a woman climber from New Zealand were the first to successfully climb Mt Lhotse after a team of Sherpas fixed the route to summit. John Snorri Sigursson of Iceland and Cian O Brolchain of Ireland also scaled Mt. Lhotse becoming the first mountaineer from their respective countries to summit Mt Lhotse.
After the destruction caused by an avalanche above the icefall section in 2014 and the devastating earthquakes in 2015, the climbers could not summit Mt Lhotse in the past 3 years. Last year, the climbing expeditions were halted after the death of high-altitude worker Ang Furba Sherpa. In this season, more than 100 climbers along with their support staff would attempt to summit Mt Lhotse.
Mt Lhotse (8,516 metre) is the fourth highest mountain in the world after Mt Everest, K2 and Kangchenjunga. It is present on the border between Tibet and the Khumbu region of Nepal. In addition to the main summit, the mountain also comprises of smaller peaks like Lhotse Middle (8,414 m), Lhotse Shar (8,383 m). The main summit was first successfully climbed by the Swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger on May 18, 1956.