Places in News Current Affairs - 2020

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PM lays Foundation Stone for AIIMS at Changsari

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone for All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) at Changsari in the Kamrup District of Assam. The institute will be constructed at a distance of 26 km from Guwahati.

The institute will be constructed at a cost of Rs 1,123 crores as part of the ‘Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana’. The construction of the institute will be completed within the next four years. The institute will have a hospital comprising of 750 beds, 22 super speciality departments including 16 operation theatres. It will also have a medical college capable of accommodating 100 MBBS students every year and a nursing college accommodating 60 students each year. It will be spread across 189 acres.

Background

The AIIMS in Delhi attracts patients from all corners of the country resulting in overcrowding. Keeping in view of this, the government is taking steps to ensure the setting up of AIIMS in different parts of the country to cater to the needs of the people.

The seven functioning AIIMS are located in New Delhi, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Jodhpur, Patna, Raipur and Rishikesh.

Last year, the Union Cabinet had approved the establishment of a new AIIMS at Bhatinda, Punjab under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY). Besides, 3 new AIIMS in Nagpur (Maharashtra),  Mangalagiri in Guntur (Andhra Pradesh) and Kalyani (West Bengal)  were also have been sanctioned in 2015.

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) is a Central Sector Scheme announced in August 2003. The primary objective of the scheme is to correct the regional imbalances in availability of affordable and reliable tertiary level healthcare in the country.  Besides, it also seeks to augment facilities for quality medical education in under-served or backward States.

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PM Inaugurates Country’s Longest Bridge in Assam and Names it Bhupen Hazarika Bridge

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated India’s longest river bridge – the Dhola-Sadia Bridge in Assam. He has also renamed the bridge as Bhupen Hazarika Bridge. The construction of the bridge began in 2011. The cost of the project is about Rs 2056 crores.

Salient Features

Dhola-Sadia Bridge is a three lane bridge stretching 9.15 kilometre built over river Lohit, which is a tributary of the Brahmaputra river. The bridge was built by Navayuga Engineering Co. Ltd. The Dhola-Sadiya bridge is 3.55 km longer than the Bandra–Worli Sea Link in Mumbai which is the longest bridge in the country as of now.

The bridge will connect Sadia, which is 540 Km from Guwahati and Dhola, situated 300 Km from Itanagar. The bridge has been designed to withstand the weight of 60-tonne battle tanks. This will be the only bridge in the region that will be strong enough to withstand the travel of tanks to Tinsukia, a place from where Indian troops usually enter Arunachal.

Significance

Road connectivity between Dhola to Sadia will boost overall economic development of the areas north of Brahmaputra in upper Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. The bridge fills a huge connectivity gap that existed in the north east region. Till now, the only means existed to cross this location was a ferry travel which was not possible during floods. The construction of the bridge will reduce the distance from Rupai on NH- 37 in Assam to Meka-Roing on NH-52 in Arunachal Pradesh by 165 Km. This reduction in travel time is expected to result in saving of petrol and diesel worth 10 lakh rupees per day. Travel time between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh will also get reduced by up to four hours.

The bridge will cater to the strategic requirements in border areas and will facilitate troop mobilization much more quickly in Arunachal Pradesh, the state which is claimed in its entirety by China.

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