Places in News Current Affairs - 2019
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Madhubani railway station got complete makeover with Mithila paintings. The makeover project was unique initiative of Indian Railways to experiment with local artists voluntarily painting works in short span of two months. More than 225 artists, 80% of them women, volunteered to paint station free of cost. The total wall area of railway station covering area more than 14,000 sq ft has been fully painted with various themes under traditional Mithila painting style.
Mithila painting is folk painting practiced in Mithila region of India (especially Bihar) and Nepal. It is also known as Madhubani paintings which mean ‘forest of honey’. It has been mentioned in ancient Indian texts like Ramayana.
It originated in small village known as Maithili in Bihar. Initially, women from village drew paintings on freshly plastered mud walls of their home as illustration of their thoughts, hopes and dreams using fingers and twigs forming two dimensional imagery using paste of powdered rice. With time, it became part of festivities and special events like marriage. It was made from paste of powdered rice. It also used colours derived from vegetables and plants. Now they are also painted on cloth, handmade paper and canvas.
The central themes of Mithila paintings are based on Hindu Gods and Goddesses. Its main theme is supported by traditional geometric patterns. Some of main attributes of these paintings are double line border, abstract-like figures of deities, ornate floral patterns, bold use of colours and bulging eyes and jolting nose of faces of figures.
The various styles of Mithila painting include Bharni, Tantrik, Katchni, Godna, and Kohbar, which were historically painted only by women from the upper strata in caste system, who used to make them on mud walls on special occasions.
Mithila painting has been accorded the coveted GI (geographical Indication) status as it has remained confined to compact geographical area and skills have been passed on through centuries, but content and the style have largely remained same.
Hindon Elevated Road, India’s longest elevated road was inaugurated in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh by Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath. It connects UP Gate to Rajnagar Extension and will make it easier to commute between Delhi and Ghaziabad.
The elevated six-lane road is approximately 10 kilometres-long. It is built on 227 single pillars. It was built at a cost of about Rs 11,000 crores. It reduces 1 hour journey by 18 minutes. It is estimated that around 4,000 vehicles would ply on this elevated road every hour. It will also make easy to reach National Highway (NH) 58 from NH 24 (Delhi-Meerut Highway). Its construction was started was started in November 2014 and took three years and four months to complete it. It has been built on Transit-orented development (TOD) basis, a type of urban planning that makes public transportation easily accessible to residential, business and leisure space.