Places in News Current Affairs - 2020

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Bengaluru Smart City testing prototype Intelligent Traffic Management Solution

Bengaluru Smart City is testing prototype of an intelligent traffic management solution in collaboration with the Electronics City Township Authority (ELCITA) to improve traffic management in the city. It aims to provide traffic information that is currently unavailable and help improve management of commuter traffic.

Intelligent Traffic Management Solution

It involves capturing video streams from several cameras and processing them using artificial intelligence. This will help in automation of traffic management tasks such as vehicle detection, traffic density estimation and control of traffic lights for real-time performance.

Electronic City

Electronic City isinformation technology (IT) hub in Bangalore, located in Anekal taluk. It is one of India’s largest electronic and IT industrial parks, spread over 800 acres (3.2 km²). It consists of three zones called phases – Phase I, Phase II and Phase III. Electronic City was established by Keonics (Karnataka Electronic), a pioneer in information technology infrastructure development. There are approximately 200 IT/ITES companies located in Electronic City. It is administered by Electronics City Township Authority (ELCITA).

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Madhubani railway station in Bihar gets makeover with Mithila paintings

Madhubani railway station got complete makeover with Mithila paintings. The makeover project was unique initiative of Indian Railways to experiment with local artists voluntarily painting works in short span of two months. More than 225 artists, 80% of them women, volunteered to paint station free of cost. The total wall area of railway station covering area more than 14,000 sq ft has been fully painted with various themes under traditional Mithila painting style.

Mithila painting

Mithila painting is folk painting practiced in Mithila region of India (especially Bihar) and Nepal. It is also known as Madhubani paintings which mean ‘forest of honey’. It has been mentioned in ancient Indian texts like Ramayana.

It originated in small village known as Maithili in Bihar. Initially, women from village drew paintings on freshly plastered mud walls of their home as illustration of their thoughts, hopes and dreams using fingers and twigs forming two dimensional imagery using paste of powdered rice. With time, it became part of festivities and special events like marriage. It was made from paste of powdered rice. It also used colours derived from vegetables and plants. Now they are also painted on cloth, handmade paper and canvas.

The central themes of Mithila paintings are based on Hindu Gods and Goddesses. Its main theme is supported by traditional geometric patterns. Some of main attributes of these paintings are double line border, abstract-like figures of deities, ornate floral patterns, bold use of colours and bulging eyes and jolting nose of faces of figures.

The various styles of Mithila painting include Bharni, Tantrik, Katchni, Godna, and Kohbar, which were historically painted only by women from the upper strata in caste system, who used to make them on mud walls on special occasions.

Mithila painting has been accorded the coveted GI (geographical Indication) status as it has remained confined to compact geographical area and skills have been passed on through centuries, but content and the style have largely remained same.

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