Plastic Waste Management Current Affairs - 2020

What is Swachh Bharat Kranti?

“Swachh Bharat Kranti” is a translated copy of the book “Swachh Bharat Revolution”. Swachh Bharat Kranti is a Hindi version and Swachh Bharat Revolution is the English version.

On August 5, 2020, the Hindi version of Swachh Bharat Revolution was launched by the Union Minister of Textiles and Women and Child Development Smt Smriti Irani and Union Minister of Jal Shakti Gajendra Singh Shekhawat.

About the Book

The book is about the journey of Swachh Bharat Mission. It has 35 essays contributed by a range of stakeholders of the programme. The essays in the book have been arranged under four pillars namely Public Financing, political leadership, Partnership and Participation of People in the mission. The contributors of the book include Amitabh Kant, Arun Jaitley, Sadhguru, Ratan Tata, etc.

Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)

The Mission was started in 2014 to provide universal coverage on sanitation of the country. It is being implemented by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The two main components of the mission include SBM Urban and SBM Rural. The urban component of the mission mainly focuses on waste management techniques. On the other hand, the rural component focuses on achieving Open Defecation Free (ODF) India.

Currently, the second phase of the mission is being implemented, which is between 2020-21 and 2024-25.

Phase II of SBM

The second phase of the mission is to be implemented with a total outlay of Rs 1,40,881 crores. The second phase has been named as ODF+. The ODF+ is to focus on the following

  • Grey Water Management
  • Plastic Waste Management
  • Faecal Sludge Management
  • Biodegradable Solid Waste Management

The second phase is to focus on generating employment in the rural region by constructing soak pits, compost pits, material recovery facilities, waste stabilisation ponds, etc. It will also help the rural India handle challenges of solid and liquid waste management to improve the health of the villagers in the country.

Delhi Airport: The First Single-use Plastic-free airport

The Delhi International Airport Limited (DIAL) has become the first airport in India to become free of single-use plastics. The airport committed itself to become single-use plastics free on the World Environment Day in 2018.

Highlights

DIAL has used eco-friendly alternatives to reduce the plastic use. The Plastic items that are exempted at the airport included sealed PET bottles, security tamper-evident bags, pre-packaged materials from manufacturers and compostable plastic bags.

This is important because it is the leading airport in the country with annual traffic of 68.5 million passengers per annum.

Significance

The step is being adopted to keep up India’s target of abolishing use of single-use plastics by 2022. This targets six main types of plastics that are plastic cups, bags, small bottles, plates, pouches and straws. The Swachh Bharat Mission is deployed in achieving the target.

Need

India produces 26,000 tonnes of plastic trash every day. Much of this trash is dumped in landfills, streets or spilled in waterways. Around 40% of the plastic used in the world is single-use plastic. Therefore, it is highly imperative to take serious actions to stop their usage.