Pm Modi Current Affairs - 2020

Asiatic Lion population increased

On June 10, 2020, PM Modi on Twitter announced about the increase in population of Asiatic Lions.

Highlights

The Asiatic Lion population has increased by 29%. It was 523 in 2015 and has increased to 674 in 2020. India has recorded 36% increase in distribution area of lions. It was 22,000 square kilo metres in 2015. In 2020, the spread increased to 30,000 square kilo metres. The Asiatic Lions are currently in the protected areas of agro-pastoral landscape of Saurashtra, Gujarat.

How did the population increase?

The Asiatic Lion population increased steadily due to the following reasons

  • Community Participation
  • Emphasis on Technology
  • Proper Habitat Management
  • Wildlife Healthcare
  • Steps that minimize human-lion conflicts.

Asiatic Lions

The Asiatic Lion is listed under Endangered in IUCN red list. This is mainly because of their small population size and area of occupancy.

The Asiatic Lions are found in western and middle Asia. In India there were found in the region between the Indus river in the west, till Bengal in the east and till Narmada river in the south. Today they are restricted to Gir Forest National Park.

In India, the Asiatic Lions are listed in Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Indian PMO secretaries to hold key positions in WTO, World Bank

The Private secretary of Prime Minister Modi Rajeev Topno was recently appointed as the Senior Advisor to the Executive Director of World Bank. Also, a joint secretary at the Prime Minister Office (PMO) was appointed to the World Trade Organization as an ambassador

Highlights

Besides these officers, five other officers have been appointed abroad where they will have major role in economic and trade related decisions. H Atheli has been appointed as advisor to Executive Director of Asian Development Bank.

Significance

These appointments are important to India. This is because India is currently grappling with economic crisis and the organizations play an important in deciding trade related activities.

Board of Directors

The World Bank group consists of four separate boards of directors. This includes International Bank of Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Finance Corporation (IFC), International Development Association (IDA) and Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA). There are 25 Executive directors in all. They elect their president. The president has no voting powers except for the deciding vote of equally divided board.

Voting Powers

The voting powers of the member countries are based on the number of shares held by them. The top eight countries with highest voting powers in the world bank are USA, Japan, China, UK, Germany, France, Canada and India.