PMAY-U Current Affairs - 2019
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The Union Minister of Housing and Urban affairs Hardeep Singh Puri launched the Global Housing Technology Challenge. The challenge is undertaken under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Urban (PMAY-U).
Features of the Global Housing Technology Challenge
The features of the Global Housing Technology Challenge (GHTC) are:
- GHTC aims to fast-track the construction of affordable housing and meet the target of constructing 1.2 crore houses by 2022.
- GHTC focuses on identifying and mainstreaming proven demonstrable technologies for lighthouse projects and spotting potential future technologies for incubation and acceleration support through ASHA (Affordable Sustainable Housing Accelerators) — India.
- To enable adoption of construction techniques for housing that are affordable and takes minimum time as less as three months instead of the conventional three years for construction.
- Bring a paradigm shift in technology transition using large-scale construction under the PMAY-U as an opportunity to get the best available construction technologies across the globe.
Under GHTC, a grand expo-cum-conference on GHTC will be organised in March, wherein stakeholders will showcase their best technologies to build houses. This will provide builders plethora of technological innovations to choose from, for timely delivery of projects.
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Urban (PMAY-U)
The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) Mission has been undertaken by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA). The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) Mission seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers through following programme components:
- In-situ Rehabilitation of existing slum dwellers using land as a resource through private participation.
- Credit Linked Subsidy.
- Affordable Housing in Partnership.
- Subsidy for Beneficiary-led individual house construction/enhancement.
Of these components, Credit linked subsidy is implemented as a Central Sector Scheme while other three components will be implemented as Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS).
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) is going to launch Global Housing Construction Technology Challenge as part of technology sub-mission of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Urban (PMAY-U). The challenge aims to accelerate PMAY-U’s target of providing ‘housing for all’ as the scheme is moving at pace far slower than its rural counterpart.
Global Housing Construction Technology Challenge
Through this global challenge, MoHUA will invite ideas for innovative technologies for mass housing projects that can help build houses faster, cheaper and of better quality with sustainable green materials.
The selected technologies will be tried and tested to be found suitable to geographical conditions of six different urban areas selected across the country with varying terrains such as hilly, plain, or earthquake-prone etc.
Four parameters in challenge are time, cost, quality, and sustainability. The winning technologies will be used to build 1,000 houses, multi-storey or otherwise, depending on area type, in each of these places. The technology will chosen in such a way that it is scalable so that it can be used to construct cheaper and faster mass housing in similar areas.
The global challenge will invite best innovative ideas from across globe for alternative technologies that go beyond brick-and-mortar building model used widely in Indian construction. The winning technologies, selected based on criteria laid down by a technical committee of MoHUA under this challenge, will be used to build mass houses in tie-up with states, for economically weaker sections and low-income groups under affordable housing project vertical of PMAY-U. Such houses will be constructed in varying geo-climatic zones across the country. The winning technologies will be used to construct houses within the next six to seven months, as against the one-year period required to finish such a project.
Under PMAY-U, around 8 lakh houses have been constructed since its launch in June 25, 2015. It does not even account for 10% of revised MoHUA target of providing 1.2 crore houses by 2022. As against this, under rural component of the scheme, PMAY-Gramin, 48.26 lakh houses have been built, with pace almost on course of meeting target of 2.95 crore houses by 2022.