polio Current Affairs - 2020

Indigenously Developed ‘COVAXIN’ gets DCGI approval for Human Clinical Trials

The Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) has given approval for Phase I and Phase II human clinical trials for COVID-19 vaccine ‘COVAXIN’. In association with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the National Institute of Virology (NIV), COVAXIN is developed by Hyderabad based vaccine & bio-therapeutics manufacturer-Bharat Biotech.  At NIV Pune, the strain of SARS-CoV-2 was isolated before being transferred to Bharat Biotech.

COVAXIN is the first indigenously developed COVID-19 vaccine to be approved for Human Clinical Trials. The approval was granted based on the results from the pre-clinical studies of the vaccine. During preclinical studies, the vaccine has demonstrated safety and effective immune response.

The vaccine is developed at the high containment facility of Bharat Biotech- BSL-3 (Bio Safety Level 3). Human trials are expected to begin from the month of July in a phased manner.

Bharat Biotech has developed several vaccines over the last decades such as Polio, Rabies, Chikungunya, Rotavirus, Zika.

Last month, the Indian Government has announced that for developing a vaccine for the COVID-19 virus, as many as 30 Indian Companies are working on it.

India attends World Health Assembly

The World Health Assembly is the decision-making body of the World Health Organization (WHO). India was represented by Union Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan at the World Health Assembly.

Apart from COVID-19, the World Health Assembly addressed Global Vaccine Plan, polio eradication and neglected tropical diseases.

China and COVID-19

Around 120 countries backed the resolution to conduct investigation on China over the origin of COVID-19.

The name was China was not brought up. Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison initiated the investigation on COVID-19. China opposed the investigation.

India to hold the Chair

Also, India is expected to be elected as the chair of the Executive Board of the World Health Assembly. Japan is to be replaced by India.

International Health Regulation Committee

The member countries have agreed to work in close collaboration with the World Organization for Animal Health and also with the Food and Agriculture Organization. The committee will work on the transmission routes of the virus to find out the possible host. The committee will also look for solutions that will help prevent such pandemic outbreaks in the future.

India at the Assembly

Union Heath Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan representing India listed out various measures being taken by India to fight against COVID-19.

World Health Assembly

The World Health Assembly is the highest health policy setting body in the world. It is mainly composed of health ministers. The members of the assembly meet every year in Geneva during the month of May.

The World Health Assembly approves works of World Health Organization and also budgets and elects its Director General.