polio Current Affairs - 2019
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Malaysia has reported the first case of Polio in 27 years, when a three-month-old Malaysian infant boy was diagnosed with polio. The last polio case in Asia-Pacific country occurred in 1992, and in 2000, after which the country was declared polio-free. In this recent case, the child was confirmed to be infected with vaccine-derived poliovirus Type 1 (VDPV1) on 6 December 2019.
Concern: Those who have been immunized/vaccinated will be protected from infection, but, in unsanitary environments, the virus can infect others who have not been immunised against polio and thus can spread in communities whose polio immunisation rates are below 95%. The longer the virus spreads in community, it will undergo genetic mutation until it once again becomes an active virus.
Also, the resurgence of Polio in Malaysia comes just months after Philippines, north of Borneo, reported its 1st cases of polio since 1993 in September 2019.
About Polio or poliomyelitis
It is a potentially deadly infectious disease caused by poliovirus. It can cause paralysis by invading a person’s brain and spinal cord. So far, the disease has no cure and can only be prevented through vaccination.
There are 3 serotypes of wild poliovirus: type 1, type 2, and type 3. Each type has slightly different capsid protein. Immunity to 1 serotype does not give confer immunity to other two. The vaccine-derived poliovirus Type 1 (VDPV1) is classified as a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) Type 1. The cVDPV originates from poliovirus that has been weakened by orally-administered polio vaccine.
Tags: Malaysia • Philippines • polio • poliomyelitis • Poliovirus
Actress Kareena Kapoor Khan has been appointed as an ambassador of Swasth Immunised India campaign. The Swasth Immunised India campaign has been launched by Serum Institute of India (SII) and Network 18.
Swasth Immunised India campaign
- The Swasth Immunised India campaign aims to build a robust campaign aimed at spreading awareness on the importance and benefits of immunisation among the masses.
- The campaign is aimed at dispelling myths and misconceptions pertaining to the administration of vaccination among Indians.
- The campaign aims to raise awareness about the importance and benefits of vaccine administration, advocating its acceptance and building a strong immunization outreach in the country.
- The Swasth Immunised India campaign aims to complement the efforts of the government to reach full immunisation coverage through continuous education and awareness.
Significance of the Immunisation
India’s commitment towards vaccination has aided in successfully eradicated deadly diseases like Polio and Smallpox.
WHO states that immunisation prevents 2-3 million deaths every year. But still, 5 lakh kids die every year in India because of diseases preventable by vaccines. India is still home to the highest number of unvaccinated (56%) and incompletely vaccinated children (32%).
Prevalence of myths and misconceptions, lack of information and misinformation has hindered the government efforts to achieve full immunisation. This is resulting in outbreaks of various kinds of illnesses, leading to a growing fatality rate among infants, children and expectant mothers in India. The Swasth Immunised India campaign aims to address these gaps.