Polio Free Current Affairs - 2020

National Immunization Day observed in India

On January 19, 2020, the National Immunization Day (NID) was observed all over India as a part of Pulse Polio Programme, 2020. Around 17.4 crore children of age less than 5 hears were administered polio drops to sustain polio eradication in India.

Highlights

India has eradicated polio completely in 2012.  In order to sustain the eradication, GoI organizes Pulse Polio immunization campaigns on the standards set by World Health Organization (WHO). The next round of National Immunization Day is to be held in March 10.

National Immunization Day

The National Immunization Day are one of the four strategies that are recommended by the WHO to eradicate polio completely. According to WHO, the NID has to be conducted twice a year at a gap of 2 to 4 weeks.

There are two types of vaccines that are being administered in the country. It includes IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine) and OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine).

What are IPV and OPV?

IPV is a wild-type poliovirus strain that is administered in combination of other vaccines. It includes Diptheria, pertussis, tetanus, haemophilus, hepatitis B and influenza.

IPV is more effective than OPV. It increases intestinal immunity in children who have been already immunized with OPV.

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Pakistan to import polio markers from India

The Pakistan Government decided to import Polio markers from India recently. The Government had suspended the trade with New Delhi for months after abrogation of Article 370.

Highlights

There are three countries in the world where Polio is still endemic. It includes Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan. As of December 2019, there have been 111 documented cases of wild polio virus in Pakistan. In 2014, Pakistan had the highest number of polio cases in the world. The country has recently decided to import polio markers from India. The cabinet has provided one-time permission for the import.

The polio markers are used to mark the fingers of the children after they are vaccinated with vaccines that are approved by the WHO.

Polio

The disease is caused by Poliovirus. In 1995, India launched Global Polio Eradication initiative of WHO that aims at 100% coverage. With the programme successfully implemented, India has completely eradicated Polio. The last case of Polio was reported in 2011 in India.

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