Population Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

National Health Profile 2019 Released

The Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare released the 14th National Health Profile (NHP) 2019 on October 30, 2019. The NHP is prepared by the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI). It was first published in 2005.

Significance

  • The Data is important in understanding the needs and issues of the population
  • Also, it helps in understanding the goals, their strengths and weaknesses
  • The NHP highlights major indicators as follows
    • The Socio-Economic Indicators-Education, Employment, Housing, Amenities, sanitation and drinking water
    • Demographic indicator-Population and vital statistics
    • Health Status Indicators-Prevalence of communicable and non-communicable diseases

Highlights

  • Life Expectancy in India has increased from 49.7 years in 1970-75 to 68.7 years in 2012-16. Life Expectancy of females is 70.2 years and males is 67.4 years
  • Out of 6.51 crore people who attended Non-communicable Diseases clinics, 4.75% were diagnosed with diabetes, 0.3% were diagnosed with cardiovascular disease, 6.19% were diagnosed with hyper tension and 0.26% were diagnosed with common cancers.
  • Highest population Density was reported in Delhi with 11,320 people per square km and the lowest population Density was reported in Arunachal Pradesh with 17 people per square km.
  • The Infant Mortality Rate has declined considerably. It was 33 per 1000 live births in 2016. It is now 37 in rural and 23 in urban
  • The Total Fertility Rate was 1.8 in 2016 and has increased to 2.3 in rural and 2.5 in urban
  • Dengue and Chikungunya are a great cause of concern to public health
  • There has been consistent decrease in birth rate, death rate and natural growth rate in the country from 1991 to 2017. India in 2017 registered a birth rate of 20.2 per 1000 population, death rate of 63 and natural growth rate was 13.9 per 1000 population

UN: India to become more Populous than China by 2024

According to the World population Prospectus: The Revision released by the United Nations, India with 1.3 billion inhabitants would surpass China’s population of 1.4 billion by 2024, to become the World’s populous country.

Salient Highlights

Despite the drop in universal fertility rates, the UN report expects the world’s total population to hit 9.8 billion by 2050. As per the report, the world’s population is at present 7.6 billion up from 7.4 billion last year. The increase in population was spurred by the relatively high levels of fertility in developing countries. With an addition of 82 million people every year, UN expects a continuation of the upward trend in population size. At this rate, the world population is expected to reach 8.6 billion in 2030, 9.8 billion in 2050 and surpass 11.2 billion in 2100.

As per the report, the concentration of global population growth in the poorest countries is presenting a challenge. The population growth is expected to come from the 47 least developed countries where the fertility rate is around 4.3 births per woman. At this rate, the population in these countries would reach 1.9 billion people in 2050. It presents a challenge as the world seeks to implement the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, which is aimed to end poverty and preserve the planet.

Further, the birth rates in African countries are expected to at least double by 2050, despite fertility rates falling from 5.1 births per woman up to 2005 to 4.7 births in the five years following. In contrast, birth rates in Europe are seeing an increase which has increased up to 1.6 births per woman, up from 1.4 births in 2000-2005.

As per the report, the overall reduction in fertility rates is expected to result in the ageing population, with the number of people above the age of 60 or over is likely to become more than double by 2050 and triple by 2100, from the current 962 million to 3.1 billion. Africa which has the youngest age distribution for any region is expected to experience a rapid ageing of its population.

According to the report, Nigeria which is currently at the seventh place is expected to become the third most populous country by 2050 replacing the US.

World population Prospectus: The Revision

The 2017 Revision of World Population Prospects is the twenty-fifth round of official United Nations population estimates prepared by the Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. The findings are presented for each development group, income group, region, subregion and country or area for the period 1950-2100.