Ports Current Affairs - 2020

Facts Box: Major Port at Vadhvan, Maharashtra

The Union Cabinet recently approved the proposal to set up major port at Vadhvan in Maharashtra. The GoI has sanctioned Rs 65,545 crores for the project.


The port is being set up to achieve GoI target of developing infrastructure projects of worth 100 lakh crore rupees. The port will handle 16,000 to 25,000 TEUs per day. A Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) is to be in association with Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust is to be fromed.

The SPV will establish connectivity, construct breakwater and develop other port infrastructure. Breakwater is an artificial structure constructed to protect the harbor from the effect of waves. It provides safe berthing.

What is special about Vadhvan Port?

The Mundra port and JNPT port are the two largest container handling ports in India. They have drafts of 16 metres and 15 metres respectively. The Vadhvan port has a natural port of 20 metres. This makes it ideal to handle bigger vessels.

Cabinet approves to set up Vardhavan port in Maharashtra

On February 5, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved to set up the Vardhavan port in Maharashtra. The port is to be developed in “Landlord Model”. The Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust will act as the lead partner in developing the port.


With the development of Vardhavan port, India will enter into the category of countries with top 10 container ports in the world. The Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNP) is the biggest container port in India and 28th in the world. The port handles more than 5.1 million TEUS (Twenty-foot Equivalent units).

Significance of Vardhavan port

Currently JNP operates India’s largest port and caters Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. However, it is essential to deepen the port to accommodate largest container ships in the world.

India’s largest container handling ports Mundra and JNPT are capable of handling 10 million TEUs. They have drafts for operating medium size containers for which they should hold a capacity of 15 million TEU. However, the ports should have capacity of 20 million TEU to handle world’s largest ships. Therefore, construction of Vardhavan port is essential.