Poultry Current Affairs - 2019
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Kadaknath chicken meat from Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh has received Geographical Indication (GI) tag from Chennai based Geographical Indication Registry and Intellectual Property India. GI tag denotes that product comes from particular geographical. Kadaknath chicken was awarded GI tag in “Meat Product, Poultry & Poultry Meat” category. The application for GI was made by Gramin Vikas Trust of Krishak Bharati Cooperative (KRIBHCO) on behalf of tribals of Jhabua district who breed the variety.
GI tag will ensure that no one else can use name Kadaknath Chicken while selling any other black chicken. It will also enhances its commercial value that will translate into higher prices for producers mainly tribal districts of Jhabua.
Kadaknath or Kali Masi (flowl with black flash) is unique breed of chicken that is complete black colour. It is completely black with black plumage having greenish iridescence, black legs, beak, tongue, comb and wattles. Apart from its meat, its bones and most organs are also black. Its black colour stems from deposition of melanin pigment.
This breed of chicken is popular for its adaptability and flavourful good-tasting black meat, which is believed to have medicinal properties. It is native tribal districts of Jhabua, Alirajpur and parts of Dhar in Madhya Pradesh. It is produced mainly in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh states of India.
Kadaknath chicken contains 25-27% of protein in comparison with other breeds of chickens that contain 18% protein. It is also known for its high iron content. It has fat and cholesterol content lower compared with other chicken breeds. Due to this special characteristics, Kadaknath chicken’s chicks and eggs are sold at much higher rate than other varieties of chicken. This chicken breed is very popular among local tribal people mainly due to its adaptability to the local environment, disease resistance, meat quality, texture and flavour.
Researchers from Hyderabad have isolated Helicobacter pullorum bacterium in chicken that may be source of transmission of the multidrug resistance pathogen to humans.
This is the first evidence on prevalence and isolation of H. pullorum multidrug resistance bacterium from broilers and free-range chicken sold in Indian markets.
What is Helicobacter pullorum?
Helicobacter pullorum is a pathogen commonly found in the liver and gut of poultry birds including chickens. It is untreatable and may be cancer-causing. It is being suspected that H. pullorum is resistant wide range of antibiotics such as fluoroquinolones, cephalosporins, sulfonamides and macrolides
What are ill effects on human health?
Infected chicken with Helicobacter pullorum bacterium when consumed are known to cause gastrointestinal infections in humans. Besides, Helicobacter pullorum is known to produce a cancercausing agent called cytolethal distending toxin. This toxin damages the DNA and interferes with the cell cycle. Since this multidrug resistance bacterium also infects the liver, it increases the risk of cancer in the organ.