Poverty Current Affairs - 2019

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October 17: International Day for the Eradication of Poverty

The United Nations declared October 17 as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty (IDEP) in 1992.

Significance

According to internationally agreed poverty line, one in 10 people in developing regions are still living on less than 1.90 USD per day. Though significant progress has been made in certain countries in Eastern and South Eastern Asia, around 42% of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa still lives below poverty line. According to the United Nations, there are 783 million people living below international poverty line which is 1.90 USD per day

Theme: Acting together to Empower Children, their families and Communities to End Poverty

SDG and Poverty

The target 1A of SDG-Sustainable Development Goal is “Ensuring significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries”

Inspiration

The Call to Action by Father Joseph Wresinski was the major inspiration to commemorate the day. Joseph Wrensinski was born to immigrant parents in a poor neighbourhood of France. He grew up in chronic poverty and was ordained a priest in 1946. He served in industrial and rural parishes. It was him who urged the UN to declare the IDEP. He is the founder of International Movement ATD Fourth World.

History

In 1987, more than 100,000 people gathered on the Human Rights and Liberties Plaza, Paris, France. Father Joseph Wresinski unveiled a commemorative stone honoring victim of poverty, hunger, violence and fear.

Global Hunger Index, 2019

The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is jointly published by Concern worldwide and Welthungerhilfe. The score if the index is calculated by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). It measures and tracks hunger at regional, national and global levels. The 2019 Global Hunger Index measures hunger of 117 countries. India was ranked 102nd and was the lowest ranked among ranked among South Asian countries. The rest were ranked 66, 94, etc. Especially, India was far behind as compared to the BRICS nations.

The GHI score is based on the proportion of country’s child population that is undernourished, children who are under 5 years of age and have insufficient weight for their height, Infant Mortality Rate (IMR under 5 years old children) and children whose height is not commensurate to their age

Key findings of the report

  • India was at rank 93 in 2015 and has slipped places terribly
  • Pakistan had pulled ahead and was at rank 94.
  • Among the BRICS nations, Brazil topped on 18th rank, followed by Russia on 22nd, China on 25th, followed by South Africa (59), Sri Lanka (66), Nepal (73), Bangladesh (88), Pakistan (94), and India (102).
  • India’s child wasting is extremely high at 20.8%
  • Only 9.6% of children (6 to 23 months) were fed minimum acceptable diet

The report praised Bangladesh and Nepal for their progresses.