Poverty Current Affairs - 2020

Facts Box: United Nations Multidimensional Poverty Index

The United Nations recently released the Multidimensional Poverty Index, 2020. According to the index, India recorded the largest reduction in number of people living in poverty between the period 2015-19.

The data were obtained from United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA).

Highlights

Around 273 million people have moved out of multidimensional poverty over 10 years. The report was released by the United Nations Development Programme and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI).

Key Findings

The data of the report shows that out of 75 countries studied by the programme, 65 have reduced their multi-dimensional poverty levels between 2000 and 2019. Of this, 50 countries have reduced the number of people living in poverty.

Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)

According to the report, both India and Nicargua have halved their MPI value among children of age 10 and 10.5 years respectively. The other countries that have reduced their MPI values include Armenia and North Macedonia.

Poverty in Children

The report says that around 1.3 billion people in 107 developing countries live in multi-dimensional poverty. Of this more than 10 countries accounted for more than 60% of unvaccinated children.

Around 2.6 million children in India are unvaccinated.

What is Multi-dimensional Poverty?

The multi-dimensional poverty encloses deprivations experienced by poor people such as health, education, poor quality of work, violence, hazardous living environments and threat of violence.

COVID-19 and Child Labour Report by the United Nations

The International Labour Organization and the UNICEF have released a report on Child Labour. The report has been released under the title

Title: COVID-19 and Child Labour: A Time of Crisis, A Time to Act

Key Findings

The report says that millions of children are to be pushed to child labour due to COVID-19 crisis. The report also says that the children already in laborious activities might end up working longer hours.

Poverty

According to the report, COVID-19 will increase poverty that will eventually drive the increase in child labour. The report predicts that 1% increase in poverty will lead to 0.7% increase in child labour.

This is because, as poverty increases in a country, schools close and the social services decrease. This forces more children turn into work forces. Currently, temporary school closure is affecting more than 1 billion students spread in 130 countries.

This will also push children into hazardous and exploitative jobs. The Gender Inequalities may grow with girls becoming vulnerable to exploitation especially in domestic works and agriculture.

Migrant Workers

Among all, the most vulnerable persons during COVID-19 are the migrant workers. They will face economic downturn