Poverty Current Affairs - 2020

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UN’s IFAD Governing Council: Climate Change will push 100 millions to poverty

The Governing Council of International Fund for Agriculture let in Rome recently. The council says that by 2030 around 100 million people will be pushed to poverty. The council also said that this is mainly due to climate change impact on agriculture.

Highlights

The Government representatives and global development from all over the world attended the 43rd Governing Council of IFAD. The Council reported that around 90% of 17.2 million people displaced were due to climate-related disasters.

Suggestions

The council suggest that there is an urgent need to invest on rural development. This will help avoid the catastrophes arising due to climate change.

Other causes of Poverty

Apart from climate change, conflicts are the other major cause of poverty and hunger. The Council says that in Africa alone, the conflicts have risen by 36% between 2018 and 2019.

Effect on Agriculture

Disasters and Conflicts greatly affect agriculture. They stop agricultural production and stops millions from lifting themselves from their poor conditions.

The recent Locusts attacks in East Africa and West Asia are the best instances for climate change affecting agriculture. The locusts made longer stay as the temperatures were favourable for them. Usually, the cold drives them away. Due to increase in global temperature, they made longer stay.

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UNDP Report: India ranks 129 in Human Development Index

The United Nations Development Programme released the Human Development Index for 189 countries on December 9, 2019. The rankings were listed by the report titled “Beyond Income, Beyond Averages, Beyond Today: Inequalities in Human Development in 21st century”.

India ranked 129 among them, which is one rank ahead of its previous positions. In 2018, India ranked 130. The rankings were listed based on the assessment of poverty, education, life expectancy and access to health care.

Highlights: World

Among all the regions, South Asia was the fastest growing region. It witnessed 46% growth between the years 1990 and 2018. Despite its growth, the region accounts to 31% of partner violence. Next to South Asia, East Asia and the Pacific reported good growth. The growth rate of these regions was assessed by the report as 43%.

Singapore reported the least partner violence faced by women.

Highlights: India

The report says that around 27.1 crore people in India were lifted out of poverty between the time period 2005-06 and 2015-16. However, India is the largest country constituting to 41% of world’s poor according to the report!

India ranked 122 in the Gender Development Index

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