Poverty Current Affairs - 2020

WHO releases Global Nutrition Report, 2020

On May 13, 2020, the World Health Organization released Global Nutrition Report, 2020.

Highlights

According to the report, India is one among the 88 countries that are to miss global nutrition targets set for the year 2025. India also has highest rates of domestic inequalities, especially in malnutrition. Along with Nigeria and Indonesia, India was declared the least performing in case of disparities in stunting.

The Four Nutritional Indicators

The major 4 nutritional indicators are anemia among women in reproductive age, stunting among children under-5, exclusive breast feeding and childhood overweight. The report says that India is to miss the target on all four nutritional indicators.

Key Findings

According to the report, between 2000 and 2016, underweight has decreased to 58.1% from 66% for boys. And for girls, it has decreased from 54.2% to 50.1%. Though the decrease is evident, it is still higher than that of Asian average which is 35.6% for boys and 31.8% for girls.

Around 9% of under-5 children in India are stunted and 20.8% are wasted. At least 21.6% of Indian women and 17.8% of Indian men were anaemic.

Background

The Global Nutrition Report was conceived during the first Nutrition for Growth Initiative Summit that was held in 2013.

What are the Global Nutrition Targets?

The World Health Assembly in 2012 fixed nutrition targets. They are as follows

  • To reduce anaemic conditions among women by 50%
  • To reduce stunting in under-5 children by 40%
  • To reduce underweight births by 30%
  • To reduce childhood wasting to less than 5%.

About the report

The report asks governments to focus on malnutrition as COVID-19 is threatening food systems and health. On in nine people in the world are hungry and undernourished.

UN launches 6.7 billion USD for vulnerable countries

The United Nations and its partner agencies have launched 6.7 billion USD global appeal in order to fight against COVID-19.

Highlights

Initially, the organization had pledged to provide 2 billion USD to vulnerable countries to fight against COVID-19. However, it has now increased the amount to 6.7 billion USD. The plan under which this is to be done is called the “Global Humanitarian Response Plan”.

According to the United Nations, the virus has affected every country in the world. Among them, the most affected will be the poorest countries. The virus will have most destabilizing and devastating effects on the poorest countries. Therefore, it is important to focus on these countries with the funds raised.

The funds raised so far is from countries such as Britain, Germany, European Commission, Japan, Persian Gulf countries and Canada.

Significance

The United Nations has identified evidences of incomes dropping, food supplies falling, jobs disappearing, prices roaring and most importantly children missing meals and vaccination.

According to the World Food Programme, around 26.5 crore people are to face famine by the end of the year. Therefore, it is important to increase funds to jeep the food chains running.

Countries Covered

The world organization had already covered 54 countries. Additional 9 countries have been added. This includes Liberia, Djibouti, Pakistan, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Philippines, Zimbabwe and Togo.