Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana Current Affairs - 2020

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana: Coir Geo Textiles approved for rural road construction

Under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, the Coir Geo Textiles are to be used in rural road development. This is to be done by the National Rural Infrastructure Development Agency.

Coir Geotextiles

They are made of coir and last up to 3 to 5 years. The coir geotextiles degrades into humus. This enriches the soil.

Geotextiles

Geo Textiles are permeable fabrics that have the ability to filter, separate, reinforce, drain and protect. They are made from polypropylene.

Geotextiles are used to protect fossil foot prints. In combination with steel wire fencing the geotextiles can contain explosive debris in building demolition. They help to strengthen soil at lower cost. Geo textiles are used to secure slopes.

Their main applications are in the civil engineering industry. They are used in airfields, embankments, reservoirs, canals, dams, silt fences, etc. They have widened uses in erosion control, especially in hill slopes.

Geo textile sand bags are also used in forming artificial reefs.

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana III

The Phase III of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana was launched in December 2019. It focuses on consolidation of 1,25,000 km of routes. It mainly includes major rural links. The aim is to connect the Gramin Agricultural markets, hospitals and higher secondary schools.

GoI boosts Rural Development schemes

On April 24, 2020, the Union Minister of Agriculture and Family Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar held video conference with State rural development ministers. During the meet, the minister shared plan of GoI to boost rural development scheme

Highlights

The following schemes are to be boosted under rural development programme

  • Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS)
  • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
  • National Rural Livelihood Mission

The plan is to create employment in rural areas and to strengthen rural infrastructure, facilitate diversification of rural livelihoods. The schemes have been selected based on the relaxation granted in non-containment areas by the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Funds Allocated

The Ministry of Rural Development has so far released Rs 36,000 crores to the states and union territories for the year 2020-21. The scheme of MGNREGA has been allocated with Rs 20, 225 crores. However, the funds are to be used to clear the outstanding dues of MGNREGA scheme in the previous year.

It is to be noted that the GoI has recently launched the E-Gram Swaraj and Swamitva Scheme to help in developmental activities and to reduce land disputes respectively.