Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana Current Affairs
IIT Kharagpur researchers devise decision support system (DCS) to help maximise LPG connections in BPL households
Researchers from IIT Kharagpur have devised decision support system (DCS) to help maximise LPG connections in BPL (below poverty line) households under Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana. It is a first of its kind for analysis of national level energy policy. This kind of DSS can be developed for various central and state level policies for various commodities like agricultural commodities, solar panels distributions and so on.
Decision support system (DSS)
It is computer programme that helps in making sound rational decisions using mathematical programming and operation research techniques. It can provide exact values of important parameters over prescribed policy time period, which in turn will help to take important measures to ascertain proper functioning (monitoring) of policy towards the desired goal. It uses mixed integer linear programming to mathematically formulate policy using input parameters, decision variables and their relationships. This mathematical model has found optimum number of total BPL connections required in region, number of dealerships that need to be commissioned in region over policy time frame. The sensitivity analysis with this mathematical model can easily change in decision variable with respect to change in a parameter. With this, it is easy to predict not only how the number of household connections that can be increased but also the critical region that contributes most in each zone of LPG distribution.
Union Government has announced that it has reached target of providing 5 crore free LPG connections under Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) almost eight months ahead of schedule (i.e. in 27 months instead of 35 months)
Uttar Pradesh (87 lakh), West Bengal (67 lakh), Bihar (61 lakh), Madhya Pradesh (45 lakh), Rajasthan (37 lakh) and Odisha (30 lakh) are six states that have accounted for nearly 65% of connections provided under PMUY and 47% of overall beneficiaries are from weaker sections of society i.e., SC/STs. World Health Organisation (WHO) has recognised PMUY as one of decisive intervention by Government to address indoor air pollution which accounts for nearly 10 lakh deaths in year in the country.
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY)
Union Government launched PMUY in May, 2016 with tagline of Swachh Indhan, Behtar Jeevan. It aims at providing clean-cooking fuel to poor households, who are otherwise vulnerable to various health hazards associated with indoor air pollution and bringing in qualitative charges inliving standards.
Implementation: PMUY is implemented by Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas through its Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) i.e., IOC, BPCL and HPCL through their network of distributors across the country. PMUY is under implementation in the all the States/UTs. Through it, cash assistance is given to beneficiaries to get a deposit-free new connection. It is first welfare scheme implemented by Ministry of Petroleum.
Beneficiaries of PMUY: They are are identified through Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) List-2011 and in such cases where names are not covered under SECC list, beneficiaries are identified from seven categories which includes SC/ST households, beneficiaries of Antyodaya Anna Yojana, PMAY (Gramin), Forest Dwellers, Most Backward Classes, Resident of Islands/River Islands and Tea Garden & Ex-tea Garden Tribes.
Target: Initially, Government had set target to provide deposit free LPG connections under PMUY to 5 crore BPL households by 31 March 2019. Considering its huge success, government had revised target to 8 crores with budgetary allocation of Rs. 12,800 crore.