Precision Agriculture Current Affairs - 2020

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Gujarat to import water soluble fertilizers from China

The Gujarat Agro Industries Corporation (GAIC) will import water-soluble fertilizers from China. So far, the state agency has imported 300 tonnes.

Highlights

The GAIC agency will import, pack and sell the water-soluble fertilizers to farmers. The new fertilizers have been named AGRO. These fertilizers are best suited for precision agriculture. As Gujarat has a good land area under drip irrigation, the fertilizers are being distributed at the right time. Gujarat has the maximum land under drip irrigation of all the states in the country.

The fertilizers are to be used to produce fruits and vegetables that will match global standards. The step will also aid in achieving GoI’s target of doubling farmer’s income by 2022.

Precision Agriculture

Precision agriculture is the farming management concept that uses inputs such as pesticides, nutrients, water and seeds in a strategic way. In other words, the inputs are used at minimal amount to get maximum output.

GAIC

GAIC acts as a catalyst in implementing government schemes to boost agro products. The Ministry of Agriculture has appointed GAIC as the nodal agency to implement its schemes in the state of Gujarat.

It works to reduce agro product wastage, increase farmers’ returns, enhance productivity of crops, accelerates demand based agricultural production.

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NITI Aayog ink SoI with IBM to develop Precision Agriculture using Artificial Intelligence

NITI Aayog has signed Statement of Intent (SoI) with IBM to develop crop yield prediction model using Artificial Intelligence (AI) to provide real time advisory to farmers in Aspirational Districts. The partnership aims to work together towards use of technology to provide insights to farmers to improve soil yield, crop productivity, control agricultural inputs with overarching goal of improving farmers’ incomes

Key Facts

The first phase of project will focus on developing model for 10 Aspirational Districts across states of Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. The project will introduce and make available climate-aware cognitive farming techniques.

The project will also identify systems of crop monitoring, early warning on pest and disease outbreak based on advanced AI innovations. It also includes deployment of weather advisory, rich satellite and enhanced weather forecast information along with IT and mobile applications with focus on improving crop yield and cost savings through better farm management.

IBM will use AI to provide all relevant data and platform for developing technological models for improving agricultural output and productivity for various crops and soil types in identified districts. NITI Aayog will facilitate inclusion of more stakeholders on ground for effective last mile utilisation using insights generated through these models.

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