Presdient Ram Nath Kovind Current Affairs - 2020

President Inaugurates Dhamma Chakra Day 2020 Celebrations

In partnership with the International Buddhist Confederation (IBC), the Union Ministry of Culture will be organizing the celebrations for the Dhamma Chakra Day on Asadha Poornima on the 4th of July 2020. The celebrations for the day were inaugurated from the Rashtrapati Bhawan at New Delhi by the President of India, Ram Nath Kovind.

Every year on the first full moon day in the month of July is celebrated as Dhamma Chakra Day. The first full moon day of July is called Asadha Poornima in India, Esala Poya in Sri Lanka and Asanha Bucha in Thailand.

After Buddha Poornima or Vesak, Dhamma Chakra Day is the second most sacred day in Buddhism.

Dhamma Chakra Day

The day is celebrated all over the world to commemorate the first sermon that Gautama Buddha gave to his five ascetic disciples (five monks). Gautama Buddha gave his first sermon on the day on the full moon in the month of Asadha (Asadha means the month of July). The first sermon by Gautama Buddha is recorded in Buddhist text- Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta.

Gautama Buddha gave the first sermon at the Deer Park in Rsipatana (present-day Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh).

Celebrations for the Day

This year the celebrations will be conducted virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic.  President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the day’s celebration virtually at 9 am from Rashtrapati Bhawan.

In association with the Bodh Gaya Temple Management Committee and Mahabodhi Society of India, the events from Mulagandha Kuti Vihara in Sarnath and Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya can be live-streamed at the Youtube Channel named- IBC World.

Retired IAS Officer Sanjay Kothari appointed as Central Vigilance Commissioner

On April 25, 2020, retired IAS officer Sanjay Kothari was sworn in as the Central Vigilance Commissioner (CVC) at Rashtrapati Bhavan. He was sworn in by President Ram Nath Kovind.


Mr Kothari acted as the secretary to the President of India. He was replaced by Mr Kapil Dev Tripathi on April 20, 2020. Mr Tripathi is a 1980 batch IAS officer. He was appointed as CVC in February, 2020.

About CVC appointment

Mr Sanjay Kothari was recommended by a high-level selection panel. The panel was headed by Prime Minister. The CVC is appointed by President based on the recommendation of the committee. The committee consists of Leader of Opposition, Minister of Home Affairs.

Role of CVC

The Central Vigilance Commissioner carries out corruption investigations against government officials. However, such investigations can be carried out only after permission of the Government. The CVC cannot direct the CBI officials to initiate inquiries. The CVC does not have powers to register criminal cases, rather can deal only with vigilance and disciplinary cases.

Vigilance Awareness Week

The Vigilance Awareness Week is celebrated every year in the last week of October. This is because it coincides with the birthday of Sardar Vallabhai Patel.