President Current Affairs - 2020

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President’s Secretary Sanjay Kothari named the next CVC by PM led panel

The appointment of the CVC (Chief Vigilance Commissioner) was criticized throughout India as the new appointee was a part of the Search Committee. After the wide criticization, President Secretary Sanjay Kothari has now been recommended by the PM led panel.

Highlights

The Central Vigilance Commission is the premier Government Agency that prevents corruption. It was established in 1964 as recommended by the Santhanam Committee. It was neither a statutory body nor a constitutional body. In 2003, the Parliament enacted a law conferring statutory status to the CVC.

The CVC is appointed by the President on recommendation of a three-member committee that consists of Prime Minister as head. The CVC holds office for four years till they attain the age of 65 years (whichever is earlier). The CVC is not eligible to be employed under any other Central or State Government Agency after his or her retirement.

Functions of CVC

The CVC makes investigation over references made by the Central Government. The Central Government shall make recommendations against an employee under Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. It has powers to give directions to the CBI under Delhi Special Police Establishment act.

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US President Donald Trump acquitted at the Senate

On February 5, 2020, US President Donald Trump who had been impeached by the House of Representatives has been acquitted at the Senate trial. He now becomes the third President in the US history to be impeached by House of Representatives and acquitted by the Senate. The other two Presidents were Bill Clinton in 1999 and Andrew Johnson in 1868.

Highlights

Mr Trump was accused of charges that he had sought help from Ukraine to bolster his 2020 re-election. The Supreme Court Judge who presided over the trial adjudged the case as two-thirds of the senators pronounced him not guilty.

US President Impeachment

The Constitution of United States authorizes the House of Representatives to remove a US President over a simple majority vote. At the house of Senate, the President is impeached through a trial presided over by the Chief Justice of Supreme Court that requires two-thirds majority.

India

The Impeachment Procedure of President of India is provided in the Article 61 of the Indian Constitution. In India the President shall be impeached for violating Constitution of India.

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