President Current Affairs - 2020

President’s New Secretary: Former retd IAS officer Kapil Dev Tripathi

On April 20, 2020, the Former IAS officer Kapil Dev Tripathi was appointed as the new secretary to the President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind. The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet approved his appointment for a term co-terminus with the tenure of the President.

Appointment Committee of the Cabinet

The Appointment Committee of the Cabinet appoints the top posts of Government of India. It is composed of Prime Minister of India (chairman), Home Minister. The committee makes appointments according to the Transactions of Business rules, 1961.

The committee makes the appointments of Director General of Military Operations, Chiefs of three services, Chiefs of Air and army commands, scientific advisor of the defence minister, director general of defence estates, director general of armed forces, governor of reserve bank of India, Chief Vigilance Officers, Chairman and Members of railway board.

Kapil Dev Tripathi

He is a 1980 batch IAS officer. He is to replace Sanjay Kotahri. MR Sanjay Kothari has been appointed as the Chief Vigilance Commissioner in February. Mr Tripathi retired as Secretary in Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.

GoI: Six Inter-Ministerial Teams formed after violations of Lock Down in the States

On April 20, 2020, six inter-ministerial teams were formed by the Ministry of Home Affairs, violations of lock down were reported in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, West Bengal and Maharashtra.


The teams formed are to submit a report to the central government after examining social distancing, lock down violations and attacks on medical professionals in the state. The teams are to issue directions to state authorities by making on-spot assessment of the situation.

The Team has been formed under Disaster Management Act, 2005.


The President can invoke President’s rule under Article 356 when a state government fails to abide by constitutional norms. After imposition of President’s rule, both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha should approve president’s rule within 6 months.

The President’s rule shall also be imposed

  • When a State is unable to elect a leader
  • When a coalition breaks down and there is a minority government
  • When elections are postponed due to war, natural disaster and epidemics