President of India Current Affairs
Ram Nath Kovind (71) sworn in as the 14th President of India. He was administered oath to the office by Chief Justice of India J.S. Khehar in Parliament’s Central Hall.
With this, he became the second Dalit President of India after late President K.R. Narayanan. He is also the first person from Uttar Pradesh to hold the office of President since Independence.
Ram Nath Kovind
Mr Kovind was born on 1st October 1945 in Paraukh village in the Kanpur Dehat district, Uttar Pradesh. He had completed graduation in law from a Kanpur college. Before starting his career as a lawyer, he cleared the civil services examination but did not join as he was selected for an allied. He had joined the BJP in 1991. He was President of the BJP Dalit Morcha between 1998 and 2002. He also served as Member of Rajya Sabha from 1994 to 2006. Prior to getting elected as President, Mr. Kovind had served as the 35th Governor of Bihar.
President of India
President of India is top constitutional post as he is head of the Indian state, first citizen of India and supreme commander of the Indian armed forces. He is elected indirectly for a term of 5 years by an electoral college consisting of elected members of parliament (MPs from Lok Sabha as well as Rajya Sabha) and elected members of State legislative members, including that if NCT of Delhi and Pondicherry. He is eligible to re-elect for the same office for unlimited times.
Oath or affirmation by the President
According to Article 60 of the Constitution of India, every President and every person acting as President or discharging the functions of the President before entering upon office shall make and subscribe oath to the office. The oath inter alia includes the oath to preserve, protect and defend the constitution. In this sense, President takes oath as guardian of Indian Constitution. The oath is administered by Chief Justice of India or in his absence by the senior-most Judge of the Supreme Court available.
Former governor Ram Nath Kovind was elected as India’s 14th President. He will be only the second Dalit leader after K R Narayanan since Independence to occupy India’s highest ceremonial post.
In the final vote count, NDA nominee Kovind received 65.6% votes translating into 702,044 electoral college votes, while UPA candidate Meira Kumar managed to get 34.35% (367,314 votes). 522 MPs voted for Kovind, while 225 parliamentarians voted for Meira Kumar. In the last Presidential polls held in 2012, Pranab Mukherjee had defeated PA Sangma by over 69% votes.
About Ram Nath Kovind
Ram Nath Kovind was born on October 1, 1945, in Kanpur Dehat, Uttar Pradesh. He was an advocate by profession and had practiced in Supreme Court and Delhi High Court.
Prior to started practising the law, he had cleared Civil Services Examination in third attempt but did not join as he was selected for allied services. He had entered in active politics in 1994 when he became member of Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh. He had served as an MP for two consecutive terms till 2006.
He also had served as national spokesperson of BJP. He was also former President of the BJP Dalit Morcha (1998-2002) and also President of the All-India Koli Samaj as well as the SC/ST representative at IIM-Calcutta. He also had represented India in United Nations in New York and addressed United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in October 2002. He also had worked as the private secretary of then Prime Minister Morarji Desai in 1977.
Kovind also had served as a member of the Board of Management of Dr. BR Ambedkar University, Lucknow. He was also a member of the Board of Governors of Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Kolkata. In August 2015, he was appointed governor of Bihar.