President Ram Nath Kovind Current Affairs - 2019

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Defence Minister: attends SCO meeting; signs Bilateral Engagement with Uzbekistan

Defence Minister Raj Nath Singh is to attend key meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) at Tashkent, Uzbekistan. He will also participate in bilateral engagements with the Uzbekistan Government.

The Minister is to represent India in the meeting of Council of Heads of Government (CHG) of SCO at Tashkent. The Council meets to discuss on multilateral economic cooperation in the SCO region.

Highlights of the visit

  • The Minister will sign bilateral agreements and hold a meeting with his Uzbekistan Counterpart. It is to be noted that the first ever India-Uzbekistan bilateral military exercise “Dostlik 2019” is to begin between November 4 and November 13, 2019.
  • The meeting is the third CHG meeting that is being attended by India after it became a member of SCO. The last two meeting were held in 2017 at Sochi, Russia and in 2018 at Dushanbe in Tajikistan.

Council of Heads of Government

The CHG is the second highest decision-making body in the SCO. The Indian representative of the CHG is PM Modi.

The Council of Heads of the State is the top decision-making body in the SCO. It meets during the SCO summits that are held once in a year. President Ram Nath Kovind represents India at the Council.

India approaches ICAO

India has approached the world body ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) after Pakistan denied permission for PM Modi to use its air space. The overflight clearances are granted by other countries according to ICAO guidelines.

PM Modi is to visit Saudi Arabia to attend the Future Investment Initiative. In September 2019, Pakistan rejected India’s plea to allow PM Modi’s flight to use its air space. It had also refused to allow President Ram Nath Kovind to use its airspace in the same month for his visit to Iceland.

Pakistan completely closed its airspace to India after Indian Air Force strikes on Jaish0e-Mohammed terror camp in Balakot.


ICAO is International Civil Aviation Organization. It is an UN specialized agency that was established in 1944 to manage governance and administration of Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention).

The organization classifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation. It also plans and develops international air transport to ensure safety and security.