President Rule Current Affairs - 2020

GoI: Six Inter-Ministerial Teams formed after violations of Lock Down in the States

On April 20, 2020, six inter-ministerial teams were formed by the Ministry of Home Affairs, violations of lock down were reported in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, West Bengal and Maharashtra.

Highlights

The teams formed are to submit a report to the central government after examining social distancing, lock down violations and attacks on medical professionals in the state. The teams are to issue directions to state authorities by making on-spot assessment of the situation.

The Team has been formed under Disaster Management Act, 2005.

Legislation

The President can invoke President’s rule under Article 356 when a state government fails to abide by constitutional norms. After imposition of President’s rule, both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha should approve president’s rule within 6 months.

The President’s rule shall also be imposed

  • When a State is unable to elect a leader
  • When a coalition breaks down and there is a minority government
  • When elections are postponed due to war, natural disaster and epidemics

Facts Box: Delimitation Commission set up for Arunachal, Manipur, Assam, J&K, Manipur

A Delimitation Commission was formed under former Supreme Court judge Ranjana Prakash Desai.

Highlights

The Delimitation for the state of Jammu and Kashmir is to be carried out according to Jammu and Kashmir reorganization act. The previous delimitation for the state of Jammu and Kashmir was done in 1995. The state was under President’s rule when the last delimitation was done.

For other parts of the country, delimitation is to be done based on the census 2031. The previous delimitation for rest of India was done based on 2001.

Legislation

The delimitation commission was formed under Section 3 of Delimitation Act, 2002. So far, 4 such delimitation commissions have been constituted under the act. They were in 1952, 1963, 1973 and 2002.

What is Delimitation?

Delimitation is the process of fixing boundaries of constituency. The Delimitation had been suspended between 1976 and 2001. This was because GoI was implementing the policy of family planning in a full-fledged way during this period.