Prime Minister Current Affairs - 2020

Iraq new Prime Minister: Mustafa Al Kadhimi

Mustafa Al Kadhimi was chosen as the first Iraq Prime Minister after Adel Abdul Mahdi resigned in November 2019. On May 7, 2020, Iraq parliament voted to choose Mustafa Kadhimi as the new prime minister of Iraq.

Highlights

In November 2019, Adel Abdul Mahdi resigned due to massive anti-governmental protests. Since then, it is Mustafa who has become the proper Iraq Prime Minister.

Along with Kadhimi, 15 cabinet ministers were also approved by the Parliament and five were rejected.

The session of voting was attended by 250 parliament members. However, the Kurdish politicians boycotted the voting process claiming Kadhimi does not understand challenges faced by the Kurds. The session was also boycotted by parliamentarians from oil-rich cities.

Al Kadhimi

Al Kadhimi does not belong to any political party. He was a former intelligence chief and was nominated for the post of PM in April. He was nominated by the President of Iraq Barham Salih.

He was a vocal opponent of Saddam Hussein. He left Iraq in 1985, settled in UK living in exile for several years.

Kadhimi was an editor and columnist of the Iraq Pulse for Al-Monitor.

Al Kadhimi has been appointed the PM based on the Constitution that was framed in 2005.

Constitution of Iraq

The Constitution of Iraq came into force in 1925. It remained under effect till 1958. Later several adoptions were made under the constitution in 1964, 1968 and 1970. The current constitution was framed in 2005 by the Iraqi Governing Council that was selected by the Coalition forces and the USA.

Supreme Court seeks immediate floor test from Madhya Pradesh State Government

On March 17, 2020, the Supreme Court of India issued notice to the Madhya Pradesh State Government to conduct a floor test. A bench headed by Justice Chandrachud issued the notice.

What is the issue?

Jyotiraditya Scindia, who lost 2019 election in Madya Pradesh ended his 18 years association with Congress party and joined BJP. Following this, 16 Members of the Legislative Assembly who won elections with congress ticket submitted their resignation letter to the speaker of the assembly. The assembly commenced for the budget session recently. The speaker accepted their resignation.

Now, there is a question of majority in the house for which when appealed by the MLAs to the SC, the apex court has ordered for a floor test.

Floor Test

The Floor test is conducted in order to prove majority of a government. The Chief Minister or Prime Minister moves vote of confidence. If he gains majority support, he continues to remain in power else he has to resign.

Scindia

The Scindia family ruled the princely state of Gwalior. Jivajirao Scindia (grandfather of Jyotiraditya Scindiya) was the last Maharaja of princely state of Gwalior. His son Madhavrao Scindia was a titular ruler. The 26th amendment of constitution abolished the official symbols of princely states in the country. This put an end to titles, privy purses and privileges enjoyed.

26th Constitutional Amendment

The 26th Constitutional amendment put an end to the privy purse in India. Privy purse was the payment made by the royal families of princely states to stay integrated with India after independence. At the time of independence there were 555 princely states covering 48% of the area and 28% of the population. The rulers were free to make choice in joining India or stay independent. It was Sardar Vallbhbhai Patel, who initiated unification of the princely states.