Prime Minister Narendra Modi Current Affairs - 2020

Fourth Cycle of All India Tiger Estimation 2018 enters Guinness Book of World Records

For being the World’s Largest Camera Trapping Wildlife Survey, the Fourth Cycle of the All India Tiger Estimation 2018 has made it to the Guinness Book of World Records.

Every four year since 2006, All India Tiger Estimation has been conducted in India. The 2018 Estimation was the fourth cycle in overall. Earlier from the first, second, and third cycles were conducted in the years 2006, 2010 and 2014 respectively.

Fourth Cycle of All India Tiger Estimation

The results of the Fourth Cycle of All India Tiger Estimation was released on the occasion of Global Tiger Day on 29th July 2019 by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi.

According to the Fourth Cycle estimation, the total number of Tigers spotted in India was 2967 making India home to about 75 percent of the global tiger population.

Guinness World Record For World’s Largest Camera Trapping Wildlife Survey

  • For the fourth cycle of the All India Tiger Estimation 2018, in 141 different locations across the country, a total of 26,838 Outdoor photographic Devices fitted with motion sensors that starts recording as soon as an animal passes by (camera trap) were placed
  • The entire All India Tiger Estimation 2018 covered an area of 121,337 square kilometers (46,848 square miles)
  • A total of 34,858,623 photographs were captured by the 26,838 camera traps
  • Out of the 34,858,623 photographs- 76,651 were of Tigers, 51,777 were of Leopards
  • Out of the 76,651 Tiger photographs- 2,461 were photographs of Individual Tigers (excluding cubs)

10th July: National Fish Farmers Day

The Government of India back in 2001 declared 10th July to be celebrated every year as ‘National Fish Farmers Day’. The initiative of celebrating the Day was first taken by Mumbai’s Central Institute of Fisheries Education.

As per the data by the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization’s GLOBEFISH, in December 2019 India is the 2nd Largest Aquaculture Producer in the world. Also, India is the third-largest fish producing country in the world.

Why 10th July was chosen as National Fish Farmers Day?

In Odisha’s Angul district, on 10th July 2020- the first success in induced breeding of fish (by Hypophysation method) was achieved by  the two scientists Prof (Dr.) Hiralal Chaudhuri and Dr. K.H. Alikunhi.  They further demonstrated the process in the three Indian major carps (Catla, Rohu and Mrigal species of fish).

Hence the induced breeding technology in fishes was a momentous breakthrough in the entire Fish Culture Sector of India.

In remembrance of the contribution of Dr. H.L Chaudhury and Dr. K.H Alikunhi, 10th July is marked as National Fish Farmers Day in India.

2020 Celebrations

In association with National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB), a webinar was conducted by the Department of Fisheries that was attended by Giriraj Singh (Union Minister of Animal Husbandry, Dairying, and Fisheries).  With fishermen from across the country and entrepreneurs & scientists from the fishing sector, interactions through video conferencing were conducted during the webinar.

During the webinar, union Minister emphasized on the vision of the Prime Minister Narendra Modi for doubling the farmer’s income and made the fishermen and other participants in the webinar aware about the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana that the Central Government has launched for doubling the income of the fish farmers in the country.

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)

With an investment of Rs 20050 crore, the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) was launched in May 2020. Through the scheme, responsible and sustainable development of the fisheries sector will be aimed, which will further help in creating an AtmaNirbhar Bharat.

Under the scheme, 55 lakh (5.5 million) jobs are expected to be created over the next 5 years as the target has been set for an additional 7 million (70 lakh) tonnes of fish production per year.