Privacy Current Affairs - 2019

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WHO Guidelines on Use of Digital Health Technology

World Health Organisation (WHO) has released new recommendations on 10 ways through which countries can use digital health technology which is accessible via mobile phones, tablets and computers to improve people’s health and essential services.

Overview of WHO Recommendations

  • The guideline demonstrates that health systems need to respond to the increased visibility and availability of information.
  • The recommendations advise on everything from how to employ digital tools for birth notifications to implementing health worker decision support tools and using telemedicine to digital health education services.
  • The guidelines are designed to help decision-makers in government health departments; the public health sector and other stakeholders, better understand how digital tools could address their population’s health needs.
  • The guideline emphasises the importance of providing supportive environments for training, dealing with unstable infrastructure, as well as policies to protect the privacy of individuals, and governance and coordination to ensure these tools are not fragmented across the health system.
  • People must be assured that their own data is safe and that they are not being put at risk because they have accessed information on sensitive health topics, such as sexual and reproductive health issues.
  • The guideline underlines the importance of reaching vulnerable populations and ensuring that digital health does not endanger them in any way.

The recommendations were based on the two-year-long research by the WHO on digital technologies, including consultations with global experts, so that such tools may be used for maximum impact on health systems and people’s health.

Facebook to set up an Institute for Ethics in Artificial Intelligence

Facebook grants $7.5 million to set up an Institute for Ethics in Artificial Intelligence (AI) in collaboration with the Technical University of Munich (TUM) in Germany.

About the Proposed Institute

The Institute will work in the following avenues:

  • The Institute will help to advance the growing field of ethical research on new technology and will explore fundamental issues affecting the use and impact of AI.
  • The Institute will explore the ethical issues of AI and develop ethical guidelines for the responsible use of technology in society and the economy.
  • The institute will conduct independent, evidence-based research to provide insight and guidance for society, industry, legislators and decision-makers across the private and public sectors.
  • The institute will look into issues that affect the use and impact of AI, such as safety, privacy, fairness and transparency.

Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Technical University of Munich (TUM) is one of Europe’s top universities committed to excellence in research and teaching, interdisciplinary education and the active promotion of promising young scientists. It has forged strong links with companies and scientific institutions across the world.

The university has campuses in Munich, Garching and Freising-Weihenstephan. The alumni of the university include 17 Nobel laureates, 18 Leibniz Prize winners and 22 IEEE Fellow Members.