PSLV Current Affairs - 2019

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ISRO Successfully launched Emisat Satellite into Orbit

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully launched an electronic intelligence satellite ‘Emisat’ for the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) along with 28 third party satellites.

About the Launch

The notable aspects of the launch were a new variant of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV); switching off and on the fourth stage engine couple of times; and the use of the fourth stage as an orbital platform carrying three experimental payloads.

PSLV first placed the 436 kg Emisat into a 749 km orbit. Then the rocket was brought down to put the 28 satellites into orbit, at an altitude of 504 km.

Then the rocket was brought down further to 485 km where the fourth stage/engine transformed into a payload platform carrying three experimental payloads:

  • Automatic Identification System (AIS) from ISRO – for maritime satellite applications capturing messages transmitted from ships.
  • Automatic Packet Repeating System (APRS) from AMSAT (Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation), India – to assist amateur radio operators in tracking and monitoring position data.
  • Advanced Retarding Potential Analyser for Ionospheric Studies (ARIS) from Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST) – for the structural and compositional studies of the ionosphere.

For the first time, the launch also demonstrated new technology of putting payloads into three different orbits with a new variant of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket.

New company to be established under Department of Space

The government has approved setting up of a new company under the Department of Space to commercially exploit the research and development work carried out by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Centers and constituent units of DOS.

Avenues for Commercialisation

The following avenues provide opportunities for commercial exploitation of ISRO programmes:

  • Small satellite technology transfer to industry. The new company shall take a license from DoS/ISRO and sub-license to industries.
  • Manufacture of the small satellite launch vehicle (SLV) in collaboration with the Private Sector.
  • Productionisation of Polar SLV through the industry.
  • Productionisation and marketing of Space-based products and services, including launch and applications;
  • Transfer of Technology developed by ISRO Centers and constituent units of DoS.
  • Marketing of some spin-off technologies and products, both in India and abroad.
  • Any other subject which Government of India deems fit.

Recently ISRO agreed to transfer technology on Lithium-Ion cell Batteries. Constituting a new company together with providing revenues will give a boost to the Make in India campaign.