Public Healt Current Affairs - 2019
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Union Health and Family Welfare Minister Jagat Prakash Nadda has released the National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME) 2016-2030 at New Delhi.
The framework aims to eliminate mosquito borne malaria disease from the country by 2030. This is for the first time government’s health policy has framed intervention have deliverables and time-bound targets.
Under the new framework
- Whole country will be divided into three categories as per malaria prevalence — low (Category 1), moderate (Category 2) and endemic (Category 3) States.
- Objectives: (i) Eliminate malaria from all low and moderate endemic states/UTs by 2022 (ii) Reduce incidence of malaria to less than 1 case per 1000 population in all States/UTs and its elimination by 2024. (iii) Interrupt indigenous transmission of malaria in all category 3 states by 2027. (iv) Prevent re-establishment of malaria local transmission in areas where it has been eliminated and to maintain status of malaria-free in the country by 2030.
- The milestones and targets are set for years 2016, 2020, 2022, 2024, 2027 and 2030 by when the entire country has to sustained zero indigenous cases and deaths due to malaria.
- By the end of 2016 all States/UTs must include malaria elimination in their broader health policies.
- By the end of 2017, all States/UTs are expected to bring down Annual Parasite Incidence [API] to less than one per thousand population.
- By the end of 2020, 15 endemic (category 1) States/UTs are expected to interrupt transmission of malaria and achieve 0 indigenous cases and deaths due to malaria.