Public Health Current Affairs - 2020

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COVID-19: World Bank offers 1 billion USD for India’ Emergency Response Project

On April 1, 2020, the World Bank announced that it is to offer 1 billion USD to Government of India to implement Covid-19 Emergency Response and Health Systems preparedness project.

About the Project

The project is being launched by India in order to mitigate the threats created by the virus. It will strengthen the national system and keep up public health preparedness in the country.

The project is to run for 4 years. The funding of the project is to come from the World Bank’s COVID-19 Fast Track facility.

Key Features of the Project

The project is to measure progress of key indicators of containment of COVID-19 cases. This includes proportion of laboratory confirmed cases, responses to collected samples within time frame of 48 hours, conducting tests within WHO stipulated standard time to determine COVID-19, etc.

The Project document says that GoI has assessed that the outbreak of the virus is to continue in the coming years. Therefore, it is necessary to work on a long-term strategy to tackle the next wave of the disease.

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Kolkata becomes first City to Install ‘Third Umpire’ RT-PCR Machines in India

In a bid towards upholding state’s public health the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) has installed first of its kind high-end Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) Machines in India for quick detection of diseases such as dengue, tuberculosis (TB) and swine flu.

About RT-PCR Machines

As the Kolkata city continues to record a sharp rise in cases of mosquito-borne diseases, the KMC aims to identify the root causes of diseases such as dengue through RT-PCR Machines. The objective is to give accurate DNA report on blood tests in order to ascertain the exact cause of illness.

These machines will serve as a ‘third umpire’ in situations when medical reports and blood tests reveal contradictory results. The machine will provide the exact cause of illness without any room for doubts. The tests conducted through these machines will be free of cost.

In the initial stages of project, four machines have been installed in Hatbagan in North Kolkata, Jadavpur, Behala and at Haji Mohammad Mohsin Square in central part of city.

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