Public Health Current Affairs - 2019
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The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health (PMNCH) is an alliance of more than 1000 organizations across 192 countries from the communities working in the arena of sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health, as well as health influencing sectors. This Partnership provides a platform for organizations to align their objectives, strategies and resources, and agree on interventions to improve maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health.
The Partnership complements the work and accountability processes of its individual members, enabling them to deliver more collectively than they would alone. This Partner-centric approach aids in mobilising, engaging and empowering different implementing partners. The partnership also allows them to coordinate their actions and activities, and encourages and promotes mutual accountability.
Mission of PMNCH
The mission of the PMNCH is to support the global health community to work successfully towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly the health related SDGs as articulated in the Strategy for Women’s Children’s and Adolescents’ Health in support of ‘Every Woman Every Child’ (EWEC) movement.
Working of the Mission
- The programme of the PMNCH is framed around the objectives of the Global Strategy of Survive – Thrive – Transform.
- The programme includes four high-level plenaries that will focus on political leadership, multi-sectoral action, accountability and power of partnership. Each high-level plenary will be followed by six concurrent sessions which provide the opportunity for more detailed discussions to on Forum’s key themes.
- The programme presents and explores the findings of the success factor case studies that showcase how countries are collaborating across sectors to improve women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health. These case studies will be published in a special Partners’ Forum edition of the BMJ (originally called British Medical Journal) and disseminated widely.
- The Partners’ Forum will showcase learning from across six regions of Africa, Eastern Mediterranean, Europe, Americas, South East Asia and Western Pacific on six thematic areas:
- Early Childhood Development (Germany & Chile);
- Adolescent Health and Well-Being (USA & Indonesia);
- Quality, Equity and Dignity (QED) in Services (India & Cambodia);
- Sexual and Reproductive Health (Malawi & Malaysia) and;
- Empowerment of Women, Girls and Communities (South Africa & Guatemala);
- Humanitarian and Fragile Settings (Sierra Leone & Afghanistan)
Intensified Mission Indradhanush has been selected as one of the case studies under QED theme from India.
PM Modi inaugurates Partners’ Forum 2018
The PM Modi inaugurated the fourth Partners’ Forum on 12th December at New Delhi. The Government of India, in association with the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (PMNCH) hosted a two-day international conference. It was fourth in a series of global high-level multi-country, multi-stakeholder events aimed at sustaining global momentum for issues related to health of women, children and adolescents.
The Delhi High Court has ordered a ban on the sale of online medicines by E-pharmacies across the country. A bench of Chief Justice Rajendra Menon and Justice V K Rao has also ordered central and delhi governments to implement the order.
The court was acting on a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) filed by Zaheer Ahmed, a Delhi based dermatologist. The main complaints in the PIL were as follows:
- Medicines worth Lakhs was being sold online everyday without much regulation and posing a huge risk to patients as well as doctors.
- Online sale of medicines is not permitted under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Pharmacy Act, 1948.
- The Drug Controller General of India in 2015 had clearly directed all state drug controllers to protect the interest of public health by restraining such sale online.
- By allowing unchecked online sales, the government has failed in its responsibility to protect public health and fulfill its obligation under Article 21 of the constitution (right to life).
- Drugs are different from common items; and their misuse and abuse can have serious consequences for public health.
- Internet is used by a large number of children, minors and also uneducated people in rural areas. They can become victims of wrong medication.
- Online pharmacies are working without drug licenses and are also indulged in selling psychotropic substances.
Legal Status of Online Pharmacies
The Union Health Ministry had come out with draft rules on sale of drugs by E-pharmacies in September 2018. The objective of these rules was to regulate the sale of medicines across India. The government did not ban the sale of drugs online because such sale also provides the patients in remote areas access to genuine drugs from authentic portals. The draft rules had mandated that no person will distribute or sell, stock, exhibit or offer for sale of drugs through e-pharmacy portal unless registered.