Pulses Current Affairs - 2020

United Nations World Pulses Day celebrated in New Delhi

On February 10, 2020 the Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare inaugurated the celebrations of World Pulses Day in New Delhi that aims to increase the production of pulses.

Significance

Pulses are important to improve soil fertility. They help to increase the productivity of the farmland. They also help to promote farm bio diversity by using intercropping methods. Also, the pulses help to reduce dependence on synthetic fertilizers as they naturally introduce nitrogen in the soil.

Background

The UN Pulses Day resolution was adopted in 2013 claiming the year 2016 as International Pulses Day. The day is being celebrated since 2019. By celebrating the day, the United Nations aim to increase public awareness of environmental and nutritional benefits of pulses.

It is important to promote cultivation os pulses as it helps farmers to create economic stability and household food security.

Pulses Production in India

India became self-sufficient in pulses since 2016-17. In 2018-19, India produced 22 million tonnes of pulses. It is now working to achieve the target of 26.30 million tonnes by 2018-19.

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The Pulses Conclave 2020 to be held in Lonavala, Maharashtra

The fifth Pulses Conclave 2020 is to be held in Lonavala, Maharashtra between February 12, 2020 and February 14, 2020. It is a biennial conference.

Highlights

The India Pulses and Grain Association will host the Conclave. Around 1500 stakeholders from India and other countries are expected to participate in the conference. It includes Australia, USA, Myanmar, Canada, Uganda, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, etc. The conference aims at increasing exports, processing efficiencies, protein extraction, value addition and post-harvest management.

Significance

The production of pulses of pulses has been steadily growing. In 2013-14, production of pulses was around 19 million tonnes and it increased to 26.30 million tonnes in 2018-19. According to APEDA (Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority), in 2018-19, India exported pulses for 242.6 million USD.

With India moving towards nutritious food production from self-sufficient food production, area under pulses production has been increased. Today, around 20% of area of agriculture contributes to pulses. MP, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, UP and Karnataka are the leading pulses producing states in India.

The conference will help in achieving India’s goal of doubling farmer income by 2022.

Pulses in India

India is the largest producer of pulses in the world. It accounts to around 25% of global production. Also, India is the largest consumer of pulses. It consumes 27% of world pulses. And India is also the largest importer of pulses. India imports 14% of pulses in the world.

Pulses are significant in the country as they contribute to good consumer health as they are rich in proteins.

Also, pulses increase soil health and hence are used as annual leguminous crops.

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