Pulses Current Affairs - 2020
The second advance estimates for the production of most of the crops for the agricultural year 2018-19 been released by the Ministry of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare.
Data on Production of Food Crops
Foodgrains – 281.37 million tonnes.
- Rice – 115.60 million tonnes. (record)
- Nutri / Coarse Cereals – 42.64 million tonnes.
- Maize – 27.80 million tonnes.
- Pulses – 24.02 million tonnes.
- Tur – 3.68 million tonnes.
- Gram – 10.32 million tonnes.
Oilseeds – 31.50 million tonnes.
- Soyabean – 13.69 million tonnes
- Rapeseed and Mustard – 8.40 million tonnes
- Groundnut – 6.97 million tonnes
Cotton – 30.09 million bales (of 170 kg each)
Jute and Mesta -10.07 million bales (of 180 kg each)
Sugarcane – 380.83 million tonnes
The report notes that cumulative rainfall during the monsoon season (June to September 2018) was 9% lower than Long Period Average (LPA). The cumulative rainfall in North West India, Central India and South Peninsula during the monsoon period has been overall normal and most of the major crops producing states have witnessed normal monsoon rainfall. As a result, the production of most of the crops for the agricultural year 2018-19 has been estimated higher than their normal production.
Tags: Agriculture • Coarse Cereals • Cotton • Crop Production • Foodgrains
The National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd (Nafed) has sold over 5 lakh tonnes (lt) pulses to 10 States and a Union Territory at discounted rates under the scheme of central government.
Why the central government had introduced the scheme?
The first of its kind scheme was introduced by the central government to clear the stock procured during the past few years and improve nutritional indicators for poor households. The objectives of the scheme are:
- Making pulses available to poor people at affordable rates.
- Reduction of the sale of pulses, procured by the government procurement agencies, in the open market as it often brings down the mandi prices of the freshly harvested crop, which in turn is against the interests of farmers.
Features of the scheme
The salient features of the scheme are:
- The subsidised price of the pulses is Rs 15 lower than the weighted average mandi price of any of the pulses and the states have to borne by states.
- There is no limit on how much a State can buy from Nafed under the scheme, but the states are required to justify the demand.
- The states are required to distribute the pulses only through welfare schemes and should produce the evidence.
The scheme is already showing the desired impact particularly on the lifting of market prices. Reports suggest that the mandi prices of pulses have already increased on an average by Rs 300-1,000 a quintal in different markets, even though it was just two and a half months since the scheme was launched.
Tags: lifting of market prices • NAFED • National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd • Pulses